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C»«$it^tll^t«29*il SPACf WAftSPOftTATIOM 
SYSTEH PUBLIC AFFAIRS PLAIi: FIRST SPACE 
gg SHUTTLE MISSION ST S-1 CNASA) 130 p 



September 1980 

rUASA 

National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration 



N90-71317 



Unci as 
00/16 0271061 



SPACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM 

PUBLIC AFFAIRS PLAN 



FIRST SPACE SHUTTLE MISSION STS-1 



National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

Space Transportation Systems 
Public Affairs Plan 

First Space Shuttle Mission 
STS-1 



September 1980 




APPROVED 



Brian Duff 

Director 

Public Affairs Dii 



sxon 






irald D.'Grifd 
Acting Associate Aflrtdnistrator 
Office of External Relations 



The STS-1 Public Affairs Plan was developed by the Space 
Transportation Systems Public Affairs Steering Committee: 



Charles Hollinshead 
Director of Public Affairs 
Kennedy Space Center 



Harold S. Stall 
Public Affairs Officer 
Johnson Space Center 



Joseph M. Jones 
Director, Public Affairs 
Marshall Space Flight Center 



Ralph B. Jackson 

External Relations Officer 

Dryden Flight Research Center 



David W. Garrett 
Public Affairs Officer 
Office of Space TransjxDrtation 
Systems 



Robert J. Shafer 

Deputy Director, Public Affairs 

Steering Committee Chairman 



The Steering Committee was assisted by: 



Larry D. King 

Public Information Officer 

Ames Research Center 



James F. KuTcowski 
Public Information Specialist 
Office of Space Transportation 
Systems 



Individual sections of the STS-1 Public Affairs Plan were 
prepared by the following Working Groups: 



Miles Waggoner Austin L. Gaver 

Chair, News Operations Chair, Photography 



Gene Marianetti Bill Nixon 

Chair, Protocol Chair, Education 



Robert J. Shafer 

Chair, Telecomnrunications 



Any organization or individual having comments, questions or 
suggestions concerning this document should contact David W. Garrett, 
Public Affairs Officer, Office of Space Transportation Systems, 
Code M-10, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546, (202) 755-3090. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

PAGE 

PURPOSE i 

SITUATION i 

POLICY i 

POLICY/PLANNING ORGANIZATION ii 

OPERATIONAL ORGANIZATION ii 

PLAN ORGANIZATION iv 

1.0 NEWS OPERATIONS 1-1 

1.1 Policy 1-1 

1.2 Implementation 1-1 

1.3 Accreditation 1-2 

1.4 Badging 1-3 

1.5 News Reference 1-3 

1.6 Press Kits 1-4 

1.7 Mission Conmentary 1-4 

1.8 Broadcast News Service 1-5 

1.9 Pool Arrangements 1-6 

1.10 News Center Operations 1-6 

1.11 Postf light News Operations 1-7 

1.12 Kennedy Space Center News Center Operation . . . 1-8 

1.13 Johnson News Center Operation 1-12 

1.14 Dryden Flight Research Center News Center 

Operation 1-15 

1.15 Proposed Shuttle News Center Staffing 1-17 

1.16 Accreditation Letter 1-20 

>.0 PHOTOGRAPHY 2-1 

2.1 Foreword 2-1 

2.2 Photographic Services 2-1 

2.3 Photographic Docvunentation 2-1 

2.4 Photographic Docvunentation Responsibilities. . . 2-2 

2.5 Pre-Mission Photo Activities 2-2 

2.6 Pre-Mission Film Production 2-3 

2.7 Media Pool Activities 2-4 

2.8 Accreditation and Badging 2-4 

2.9 Staffing Assignments 2-4 

2.10 Processing and Distribution 2-6 

2.11 Artistic Documentation 2-6 

2.12 Camera Sites - KSC 2-7 

2.13 Camera Sites - DFRC 2-10 



TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONT'D) 

3.0 TELECOMMUNICATIONS 3_1 

3.1 Policy 3_1 

3.2 Purpose 3-1 

3.3 Implementation Plan for Audio Network 

Production and Distribution 3-1 

3.4 Implementation Plan for Video Network 

Production and Distribution 3-13 

3.5 Implementation Plan for Voice Communication . . 3-31 

4.0 PROTOCOL OPERATIONS 4-1 

4.1 Foreword 4-1 

4.2 Guest Activities 4-1 

4.3 Special Guest Invitations for Launch and 

Landing 4_5 

4.4 Public Guest Allocation for Laxinch and 

Landing 4_6 

4.5 Proposed Timeline 4_7 

4.6 Launch Slippage and How Guest Operations are 

Affected 4-8 

4.7 Guest Activities - Kennedy Space Center .... 4-9 

4.8 Guest Activities - Johnson Space Center .... 4-15 

4.9 Guest Activities - Dryden Flight Research 

Center 4-16 

4.10 Contingency Planning for Use of WSMR 

Distinguished Guests. •..•.....•.. 4-21 

4.11 End of Mission (EOM) 4-23 

4.12 Proposed Schedule for Distinguished Guests 

Launch and Nominal Landing 4-26 

4.13 Presidential Interest/Participation 4-29 

4.14 Other Guest Activities 4-29 

5.0 EDUCATION PLAN 5-1 

5.1 Foreword 5-1 

5.2 Major Objectives 5_1 

5.3 Major Goals 5_1 

5.4 Launch and Landing Conferences 5-2 

5.5 Contingencies 5_3 

5.6 New Educational H&teridls 5-#4 

5.7 Interfaces and Staffing 5-5 

APPENDIX A 6-1 

APPENDIX B 6-2 



PURPOSE 

The purpose of this document is to provide a comprehensive, Agency-wide 
implementation plan for all Public Affairs activities associated with STS-1, the first Space 
Shuttle orbital flight test, including the Mission Verification Test and Simulation five to six 
weeks prior to the flight. 

SITUATION 

The final phase of Space Shuttle development will begin with the first orbital flight test 
(STS-1). It will be man's first attempt to laimch a winged vehicle into space, test complex 
machinery and systems in orbit, and return to Earth, landing like an airplane. 

The Space Shuttle will be launched from the Keimedy Space Center in Florida, be 
controlled while in flight from the Johnson Space Center in Texas and will land at the Dryden 
Flight Research Center in Califomia. 

This flight will signify the return of Americans into space after an absence of over five 
yesurs. World attention will once again focus on the United States' manned space program. 

The first Shuttle flight will require the most extensive and complex Public Affairs 
program ever attempted by NASA, involving not tmly new, but entirely different practices, 
procedures and activities. Public Affairs operations will be conducted simultaneously at four 
widely separated locations, with major guest operations required at launch and landing sites at 
opposite ends of the country within a three day period. 

While the first Shuttle test flight necessitates that the scope of Public Affairs activities 
be broadened considerably beyond earlier manned flight programs, the Agency enters the 
Shuttle era with substantially reduced Public Affairs resources. It has been recognized in the 
plcuining process that Public Affairs activities for early Shuttle flights cannot be supported 
solely by the NASA Centers directly involved (JSC, MSFC, KSC and DFRC). The NASA 
Administrator called this situation to the attention of Headquarters Associate Administrators 
and all Center Directors in a letter dated March 9, 1979, and asked for the Agencjr-wide support 
and assistance necessary to implement this plan. (See Appendix A). 

POUCY 

The planning in this document is based upon policy set forth in the Space Act of 1958, 
which requires that NASA "provide for the widest practicable and appropriate disseminaticm of 
information concerning its activities and the results thereof...." as a function of the 
Administration. 

In carrying out this basic dissemination policy, the following principles 
will apply; 

- Liformation will be frelefised by every practicable and appropriate 

means of communication consistent with the prerequisites of 
veracity, authenticity and technical accuracy. 

- Information will be released without protective arrangement or 

cmy prior understanding regarding exclusive rights in authorship 
or publication in any form. 



- Information will be released in real time, on the record, for 

attribution, without delay for any purpose other than verification. 

- Information will not be withheld to protect the government or 

any individual from criticism or embarrassment. 

- Information will be withheld when disclosiure would adversely 

affect national security, infringe the provisions of the Privacy 

Act or violate NASA Management Instruction 86l0xx regaurding private 

voice commimication from the crew while in flight. 

POUCY/PLANNING ORGANIZATION 

The STS-1 Public Affairs Policy /Planning Organization consists of a Policy Group 
composed of senior NASA Headquarters Management chaired by the Associate Administrator 
for External Relations; a Steering Group, composed of the PAO for the Office of Space 
Transportation Systems and the KSC, JSC, MSFC and DFRC PAO's, and chaired by the Deputy 
Director, HQ Public Affairs; and five Working Groups composed of Headquarters and Center 
Public Affairs Personnel (see Appendix B for detailed organization eind personnel assignments). 

OPERATIONAL ORGANIZATION 

The Director, Public Affairs Division, NASA Headquarters, is responsible for overall 
NASA Public Affairs and the execution of the STS-1 Public Affairs Plan. 

The Deputy Director, Public Affairs Division, assists the Director and eissumes full 
authority for the execution of this plan in the absence of the Director. 

A staff of three Institutional Chiefs assists the Director of Public Affairs in the 
management of Media Services, Public Services and Education and Community Services. 

The Public Affairs Officer, Office of Space Transportation Systems, David Garrett., is 
designated STS-1 Operations Memager with responsibility for the implementation of this plaxi. 

The following NASA Headquarters personnel are assigned the STS-1 functional 
responsibilities: 

News Operations - Miles Waggoner 

Photography - Les Gaver 

Telecommunications - Robert Shafer 

Protocol - Gene Msu'ianetti 

Education - Bill Nixon 

The following Public Affairs Officers 2U*e responsible for STS-1 operations at their 
respective Centers: 

KSC -Charles Hollinshead 

MSFC -Joe Jones 

JSC -Hal Stall 

DFRC -Ralph Jackson 

WSMR -Larry King 

(see next page for organization chart) 



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PLAN ORGANIZATION 

This plan is organized into fire major sections: News Operations, Photography, 
Telecommiinications, Protocol, and Education. As with any complex operation, the sections are 
interrelated and contain numerous cross references. 



IV 



1.0 NEWS OPERATIONS 



1.1 POUCY 



NASA's Piiblic Affairs Division will provide to the news media to the fullest 
extent possible in real time all information and services regarding the Mission 
Verification Test and the prelaunch, launch, flight, landing and immediate 
postlaunch activities of the first Shuttle mission, Space Transportation System 1 
(STS-1). This will include historical backgroimd, heirdware and mission events. 



l.Z IMPLEMENTATION 



Shuttle news centers will be established at Kennedy Space Center, Fla.; 
Johnson Space Center, Houston; the Oryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, 
Calif., and the White Sands Missile Range, N.M. 

Kennedy will be the diief point of contact for information for the JLaunch, 
Johnson for the flight, and Dr3rden or White Sands for landing. Marshall will be a 
major participant through representatives at the other centers. Because this is a 
short mission, many of the newsmen are expected to start coverage at Kennedy and 
go directly to Dryden. Most large news organizations will maintain representatives 
at all Shuttle news centers. 

The Shuttle news centers at Kennedy, Johnson, amd Dryden will provide the 
following services: 

—an accreditation desk to check the credentials of media related attendees aad to 
issue identifying badges; 

—query desks to answer mission related questions and to provide all pertinent 
information aiui support to accredited media; 

— post bulletins and make announcemoats; 

— hold press briefings; 

—arrange interviews and tours; 

— provide to the media transcripts of briefings, mission commentauTr and air-to- 
groimd as available; 

—distribute photographs and establish TV services. (See photo section and 
telecommunications section). 



— A Shuttle News Reference book will be published to provide generic information 
regarding the Space Tran^ortation System, and press kits will be published to 
provide information about each activity. 



1-1 



Provisions will be made for a minimum news center as White Sands under the 
assumption that a nominal mission will land at Dryden. In the event of an abort- 
once-around or the decision for an end-of-mission at White Sands, a full staff will 
be moved there from Dryden. 

A communications system will connect the news centers so that they all 
share in real time as much as possible all information regarding the mission. This 
includes an up-to-date accreditation list, mission activity, and an efficient 
coordination of news-oriented activities. To this end, a dedicated public affairs 
coordination phone line will be set up linking the involved centers and Headquarters 
(see also the telecommunications section); a copy facsimile network will link all 
involved centers and Headquarters. 

Key to the functioning of the information system is a network of word 
processers and communications lines linking the involved centers. Headquarters, 
and a central computer facility at Johnson Space Center dedicated to public 
affairs. 

All participating installations will have access to the central computer which 
will contain all pertinent information, both historical smd that which develops as 
the mission progresses. 

The computer will also handle press accreditations, TV scheduling, guest 
operations, transcripts, emd general commimications. 



1.3 ACCREDITATION 



In order to serve a large number of bona fide news media with limited 
facilities, an accreditation procedure will be instituted. News media are defined as 
personnel involved in the gathering, writing, editing, and reseau-ching of articles for 
publications for sale or with controlled circulation, movies, radio and television and 
its technical production, and free-lamce writers with contracts or acceptable 
evidence of their professional status. Non-editorial personnel (memagement, 
advertising, etc.) will not be accommodated at the working press facilities. 

Requests for accreditation must be received on organization letterhead and 
signed by the assigning editor. Electronic media must supply the names of all 
technicians amd their assignments. No blanket accreditation will be made for 
technical crews. 

College news media will be limited to two accreditations. 

Philatelic publications must meet the criteria of general publications or be 
national publications of a recognized philatelic organization. They will be limited 
to one reporter and one photographer. The request must be on letterhead with a 
copy of the publication attached. Newsletters of local clubs will not be accepted. 



No special provision for press dependents will be made, except at Kennedy 
(see page 9). 



1-2 



1.3.1 Accreditation procedures 



Accreditation will be managed from Headquau-ters. A letter will be sent to 
the full public information mailing list 90 days prior to the first reasonably firm 
launch date stating accreditation procedures and guidelines. 

The accreditation letter will direct all replies to Headquarters, where a 
master list will be maintained. Centers receiving requests for accreditation will 
forward them to Headquarters. The master list will be maintained in the computer 
at Houston. The system used will allow random input of data and produce an up-to- 
date alphabetized list. 

The list will be provided to the involved news centers when accreditation 
begins on a weekly basis and on a daily basis when the news centers open. 

Five working days before laimch, the master file and iq>date ftmction will 
move to the Kennedy Space Center and remain there through launch. 

After the latmch, the mauster file and update function will return to 
Headquarters. 

Letters will be sent promptly acknowledging or denying accreditation 
requests. The acceptance letters will include the Space Shuttle News Reference, 
information concerning news center operations, living accommodations and maps. 
Letters denying accreditation will state the reason for the denial. 

The accreditation will serve for the flight readiness firing and the first 
manned orbital flight. New accreditation will be required for each mission. 
Newsmen will be asked to indicate which center(s) they plan to attend. 



1.4 BADGING 



AdmittJmce to the news centers and press sites will be by badge only. 
There will be four basic categories of media-related badges: working press, 
contractor public relations personnel, radio-TV techniciams, and NASA public 
affairs. The electronic technicians' badges will be good only for the event and 
location for which they are issued. (A sample of a badge is attached). 

Contractor badges will be limited to five for working public relations 
officers for prime contractors and two for subcontractors. None will be issued for 
guests. 



1.5 NEWS REFERENCE 



A comprehensive Shuttle News Reference will be published to serve 
throughout the orbital flight tests. It will cover hardware, facilities, and 
orgamizational responsibilities. Format will be loose-leaf, and updates and 
corrections will be issued as needed. 

The Shuttle News Reference will be printed in black and white only, with 
graphics and illustrations as required. 

Headquarters will publish the News Reference in FY 1980 for distribution to 
the working press. 



1-3 



Printing and distribution of a soft-bound News Reference by the centers to 
non-media users will be permitted within center funding limits, but no general 
distribution will be made. The document will be made available by NASA to the 
Government Printing Office for possible sale to the public. 

Responsibility for coordinating the preparation of the material to be 
included in the News Reference is assigned to Johnson Space Center. 
Responsibility for the coordination of changes and preparation of replacement 
pages is assigned to the public affairs officer for the Office of Space 
Transportation Systems. 

Headquarters Public Information Services will fund the printing and initial 
distribution of the News Reference. Distribution is as follows: Kennedy —10,000; 
Johnson — 7,500; Dryden —5,000; Marshall — 2,000; Headquarters — 5,500. Other 
NASA centers will be supplied 50 each from the Headquarters allotment. 

1.6 PRESS KITS 

A press kit will be released 10 days prior to the flight readiness firing and 20 
working days prior to the first manned orbital flight test. The first manned orbital 
flight test press kit will be mission specific and will contain an index, a mission 
profile, a description of launch preparation and major events as scheduled, flight 
data, principal mission personnel and crew biographies, payload information, and TV 
schedule, etc. Generic vehicle and hardware information will be confined to the 
News Reference. 

Preparation of the press kit is the responsibility of the public affairs officer 
for Space Transportation Systems. Headquarters will produce, print and distribute 
10,000 press kits. Distribution will be to the accreditation list and to the mission 
centers. Preparation of the material will be assigned to the various centers as 
appropriate. For example, the Kennedy Space Center will provide the section on 
launch preparation; Johnson Space Center will prepare the mission profile, flight 
data, mission director and crew biographies; Dryden Flight Research Center will 
prepare landing preparations. 

Specific deadlines will be given at the time the press kit aissignments are 
made, but in general, all basic material will be required at Headquarters 40 work 
days prior to the scheduled laiuch days. 

1.7 MISSION COMMENTARY 

Real-time oral reports on the coiurse of the mission will be provided to 
Public Affairs personnel emd the news media by knowledgeable public information 
specialists from the start of launch countdown through orbiter safing at the end of 
the mission. 

Depending on the mission phase, this commentary will reuige from periodic 
status reports to running accounts of mission operations. Prior to liftoff, 
commentary will be the only real time source of information on the conduct and 
progress of the countdown. After liftoff, commentary combined with air/ground 
communication^ will be the principal source of authoritative information about 
spacecraft maneuvers, systems status, crew activities, experiment operations and 
management actions. 

1-4 



The commentators will prepare for their STS-1 assignments with the flight 
control teams which simulate each phase of the mission in connection with training 
exercises for the crew and operational personnel. 

Each commentator will becoue a knowledgeable source of official 
information, an expert thoroughly familiar with mission plans and procedures. 
During the flight, the role of the commentators will be to facilitate a continuing 
flow of information to the media, in real time, as the flight progresses. The 
commentators will provide a service to the media, at the level of detail that 
requires, but they will not attempt to develop a narrative description and 
explanation of mission events suitable for general public audiences which aie 
completely imfamiliar with the flight plan. 

Real-time release of all communication between flight controllers and the 
crew will take precedence over all other sources of information available to the 
commentators, so they will speak only when matters of substances require 
clarification, interpretation and explanation. 

The style of the commentary will be deliberate, matter-of-fact and 
unemotional. Commentators will speak in the third person, using the active voice 
in simple declarative sentences devoid of unnecessary modifiers and dramatic 
locutions. 

As they introduce, discuss and summarize mission events, commentators will 
tell what they know but they will not speculate or otherwise state their own 
opinions. The only judgments they will express or repeat will be those of individuals 
who have direct responsibility for the conduct of STS-1 operational activities. 

Management of the production, coordination, distribution and releaise of 
mission commentary through the PAO Audio Network are discussed in detail in the 
telecommtmications section of this plan. 

1.8 BROADCAST NEWS SERVICE 

The NASA Broadcast News Service will provide up-to-date mission status 
reports at frequent intervals during the Mission Verification Test and the STS-1 
mission. The service will be in a format designed especially for radio stations, but 
the reports can be used by television stations, visitor information centers, 
planetatfiums, emd private individuals. 

Broadcast News Service operations will be located at the Kennedy, Johnson 
and Dryden centers. In the event of a landing site change to White Sands Missile 
Range, the Dryden imit will be moved there. 

A custom designed and built Broadcast News Service imit will be installed at 
the three field centers and also at NASA Headquarters. 

The status reports, up to 60 seconds long, will be written and produced by a 
public information specialist, emd may contain actualities from mission air-to- 
ground or from mission commentary. 

During missions the reports will be coordinated between centers, allowing 
for uniform use of reports by all centers and Headquarters. 

1-5 



Kennedy will provide pre-launch reports from T-5. Johnson will originate 
reports during the flight. Landing and post-landing reports will originate from 
Dryden t« Johnson. 

1.9 POOL ARRANGEMENTS 

A media pool will be formed at the discretion of the Director of Public 
Affairs or his designee to cover events that do not in his judgment permit full press 
corps coverage. The pool will consist of one representative from each segment of 
the media: television, radio, the wire services, the daily press, and periodicals. All 
material developed by the pool members will be freely available to edl media. 

1.10 NEWS CENTER OPERATIONS 

Shuttle news centers will be established at the Kennedy Space Center, 
Johnson Space Center, the Dryden Flight Research Center, and White Sands Missile 
Range. The purpose of the Shuttle news centers is to provide a timely and accurate 
flow of information about the mission to the news media. 

To assure the above, each news center will provide a facility for holding 
press briefings. The facility will provide adequate room smd seating for at least 200 
press, a public address system, projectors and screens for movies, slides and view 
graphs (Telecom mimications will be provided as detailed in the telecommimications 
section). 

Query desks will be established and manned to answer individual queries 
from the press. Computer terminals will be used at the query desks and will access 
a central computer file of information regarding the mission. The computer will 
contain background material, and will be iipdated as information is developed. The 
terminals will also link the pstrticipating centers and Headquarters. 

Tour and interview desks will be established to arrange working press tours 
where this is necessary and desirable and to arrange interviews for the press with 
program officials. 

A press working area will be furnished with tables. 

Pay phones will be installed, and newsmen may eurrange for private phones at 
their desks. Desks are assigned on a first-come, first-served basis. The procedures 
for this will be stated in the accreditation letter. 

Monitors for the NASA audio and video networks will be installed in 
Headquarters and the centers. Provision for direct access is detailed in the 
telecommunications section. 

1.10.1 Foreign Press 

The Foreign Press Center, Washington, D.C., will be asked to provide 
asistance to the foreign media at the Kennedy Space Center and the Dryden Flight 
Research Center. Space will be made available for members of their staff at both 
Kennedy and Dryden. The Foreign Press Center's office will be in operation five 
days before lavinch. The Piiblic Affairs Officer for International Affairs is 
responsible for coordination with the Foreign Press Center. 

1-6 



1.11 POSTFUGHT NEWS OPERATIONS 

1.11.1 Crew EgreM from Orbiter 

Before entering the transfer van, crewmen will pause for photographs, and 
each will make a brief statement at microphones. There will be no Q & A. A news 
pool will be required because of access restrictions in the orbiter area. Crew time 
required is five minutes. 

1.11.2 Landing •♦• 3 Hours 

The crew will not participate in the postlanding briefing at Dryden by senior 
program officials. Suggested participants are Dr. Robert A. Frosch, John F. 
Yardley, Robert F. Thompson, and Donald K. Slayton. The entry flight director will 
participate from Johnson. Two-way audio commimications will be available in 
Johnson's Building Z briefing room and Dryden auditorium. Time should be limited 
to 60 minutes, with approximately 45 minutes on Q & A. 

1.11.3 Landing + (TBD) Hours 

Crew arrival at Ellington Air Force Base. Dr. C. C. Kraft, Jr., or his 
designee, and each of the crewmen should make brief statement at microphones. 
There will be photo coverage, but no Q & A. Crew time required is 15 minutes. 
Johnson Public Services Branch is responsible for transporting crewmen's families. 



1.11.4 Landing -i- 3 to 7 Days 



The crew news conference at Johnson will follow the management debriefing 
as soon as possible. Only the two crewmen will participate. They will describe the 
mission and narrate selected motion picture footage and slides before answering 
questions. Crew time required is 90 minutes. The conference will conclude with a 
5-to-lO-minute photo session and the crew will return to the debriefing schedule. 



1.11.5 Landing + 5 days 



Johnson Ptiblic Information Branch will draft a news release bzised on the 
five-day mission report. Quick reviews by all approving elements are required for 
timely release. 

1.11.6 Landing + 30 Days 

Johnson will draft a news release based on the final mission report. A copy 
of the full report will be available in each news center, and copies will be made 
available to major news organizations on request. 

1.11.7 Landing + 10 to 30 Days 

Any crew tour will probably occur during this period, following completion of 
debriefings. Tour plans normally originate at NASA Headquarters, State 
Department or the White House. Headquarters Public Affairs will be responsible 
f(v planning, coordination, staffing assignments, and news releases pertaining to 
tours and appearances during the immediate postflight period. Field centers will 
provide support as requested by Headquarters. 

1-7 



Subsequent to the special postmission appearance period established by 
Headquarters, the STS-1 crew appearance requests will be hcmdied as standard 
astronaut appearance requests 

I.IZ KENNEDY SPACE CENTER NEWS CENTER OPERATION 

The news center will be located in six trailers at the press site at Launch 
Complex 39> It will include query desks staffed by public affairs personnel from 
NASA Headquarters, Johnson, and Mairshall and the Department of Defense. Two 
general query desks also will be manned during normal duty hours. 

A contractor desk will be provided in the news £irea, as well as a contractor 
information office if space permits without additional eiqiense to the government. 

Status reports will be read over the public address system twice daily or as 
otherwise deemed necesseury, then printed and distributed. Data sheets, press 
conferences notices emd information on media activities will be posted, and a 
recorded phone message system provided. 

Headquarters public affairs will coordinate assignments of public 
information personnel from other field centers to assist in the news center on a 
scheduled basis. 

I.IZ.I Hours of Operation 

The Kennedy Shuttle News Center will open 30 days prior to the first 
launch. Hours will be 8-5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday and weekends if required 
by early influx of media representatives, and will be expanded as news activity 
dictates. The news center will be open the weekend before launch during regular 
duty hours, and Z4 hoivs a day from T-1 day through the mission. All Kennedy 
public information branch personnel will relocate to the news center 30 days before 
launch. 

1.12.2 Preliminary Briefing Schedule 

T-3/2 days - S3rstems press briefing. Content will be determined at T-30. 

T-2 days - Astronaut arrival coverage 

T-1 days - Pre-Launch press conference. 

T+1 hour - Launch Director's post-Lzumch press conference. 

1.12.3 Accreditation 

An accreditation desk will be established, siq>ervised by a senior information 
officer. Two clerks will be assigned from the news center opening until T-5. Four 
clerks will be assigned during the five days before launch. 

The press will be required to register at the desk upon arrival and at that 
time will pick up their badges which will provide access to the news center and 



1-8 



unescorted access to the pfess site. The badge will not provide imescorted access to 
other center areas. 

A list of accredited media will be made and distributed daily. 

Requests for media dependents must be made in writing and will entitle the 
dependents to no more than a special viewing area for the launch. Depoidents will 
not have access to the news center or press site at any center. 



1.12.4 Commentary 



Diuring the Mission Verification Test and other launch preparations, and 
during launch operations, commentary for the PAO Audio Network will be provided 
by KSC. The commentator will operate from the PAO Console in Firing Room 1 in 
the Launch Control center during test, simulation and launch activities. At other 
times the commentator will operate from positions established for that purpose at 
the Press Site and News Center. 

The commentary will be scheduled as appropriate to the media interest in 
major events prior to the start of Launch Operations at T-5, and at that time will 
become the principal meams of describing the sequences of operational activities 
leading to ignition and liftoff. 

Commentary will be developed to incorporate voice communication with the 
crew for real-time release during critical launch operations. 

In the event non-nominal situations involving the propulsion system require 
that the Huntsville Operations Siqiport Center (HOSC) become a principal source of 
information about conditions affecting mission status, an MSFC commoitator will 
activate a position in HOSC and provide supplementary reports to the JSC 
commentator as appropriate. 

After SRB ignition, responsibility for mission commentary will transfer to 
the Johnson Space Center. 

Management of the production, coordination, distribution and release of the 
PAO Audio Network are discussed in detail in the telecommunications section of 
this plan. 



1.12.5 Press Site Operations 



The press site will be staffed daily from T-14 days through end-of-mission by 
the commimications manager. At T-5 days a clerk will be assigned. Contractor 
technicians will be on hand in suffici^it time to prepare the television and audio 
equipment for the mission. 

Grandstand seats at the press site will be assigned on a first-come basis. 
Each news organization is limited to one grandstand seat imless a legitimate need 
can be established for two, which will be the maximum. 

Media may make arrangements with the telephone company to have phones 
installed at their own expense. A limited number of pay phones will be available 
behind the grsmdstand. 



1-9 



The press site will be located adjacent to a special guest viewing site and 
separated from it with ropes. Security guards will be posted at the access bridge 
linking the two areas to preclude public intrusion into the press site. Escorted 
press will be permitted into the guest viewing area for photographs and interviews, 
but guests seated in the bleacher portion of this area may not be interviewed 
without their eicpTeas permission. 



1.12.6 Pool Positions 



Public affairs has been assigned two seats in the Operations Management 
Room overlooking Firing Room 1. These seats are at consoles where operational 
command loops can be monitored and are available for news media use if required. 



1.12.7 Tours and Interviews 



A tour and interview coordinator, imder a Kennedy manager, will supervise a 
grotq) of 25 escorts made vp of personnel from other KSC directorates. The 25 
escorts would be phased in as needed, beginning with just a few on caill when the 
news center opens. All will be on duty by T-5 days. 



1-10 



Activities to be hamdled by this section include: 

- Regularly scheduled press tours beginning T-10 days 

- Interviews 

- TV Crew Escorts 

- Photographic press tours 

- Press dependent tours (T-2 days) 

- Sunrise/sunset press photographic sessions 

- Press from news center to press site and return 

- Pad damage press tour after launch 

- Astronaut departure from crew quarters (pool of 30 — see photo 
section) 

- Wildlife press tours at T-2 and T-1 days 

- Deploy and recover remote camerzis 

- Dispatch film and tape for pool operations 

The transportation coordinator will also work with this group. 

For photo operations, distribution, etc., see photo plan. 
1.12.8 Staffing 

Chief, hiformation Operations 
News Center Manager 

- Query desks - eight public information officers (including one 

each from Headquairters, Marshall, and Johnson) 

- Defense Department desk 

- Contractor public relations desk 

- Technical liaison from Johnson, Marshall and Kennedy - 1 rep. each 
Clerical manager 

- 15 clerical personnel to handle secretarial, executive offices, bullpen 

area, accreditation and reproduction coordination. 



1-11 



(Under the Photo Manager) 

- Interviews/tours coordinator 

- Dependents' coordinator 

- 25 escorts 

- Photo distribution 

- TVansportation representative (supplied by Trauisportation Office) 
Security manager 

As arramged by KSC security office Press site manager (administration) 

1.13 JOHNSON NEWS CENTER OPERATION 

The news center will be located in Bmlding 2. Services will include query 
aind interview desks, contractor desks, and a Department of Defense desk. In 
addition, Johnson will provide teission commentary and transcripts of the 
commentary. These will be provided to Kennedy and Dryden. 

A working area will be set aside for the news media adjacent to the news 
center. The working area will consis,t of ample tables, and media will have access 
to audio control switch boxes into which they can plug tape recorders. The working 
area will also have an adequate number of television units which will provide TV 
feeds from the spacecraft, when scheduled as well as the feed from the mission 
control center TV cameras. Table assignments will be on a first-come, first-served 
basis. Media seeking advance table assignments may contact the Johnson news 
center prior to mission time. Media will be required to make their own 
arrangements with the local telephone company for phone assignments. 

1.13.1 Hours of Operation 

The Shuttle news center will be open 8:00 until 4;30 p.m. seven days before 
launch until launch. Hours will be ei^anded if news activity warrants. It will be 
open 24 hours a day from laimch through landing. 

1.13.2 Preliminary Briefing Schedule 

T-30 - Final preflight press conference with prime crew plus related 
background briefings 

T-3 days - Background briefings and press conferences on mission status. 

T-0 through end of mission - Tliree change of shift briefings will be held 
and others as warranted. 

1.13.3 Accreditation 

For those not receiving accreditation by mail, accrediting will be done in 
person at Johnson. A clerk will be assigned for this purpose as well as badging. 

1-12 



Traffic is expected to be light as most media will be accredited by mail and badged 
at Kennedy or Dryden. 



1 . 1 3 .4 Tours and Interviews 



One public affairs person will be eissigned to handle interviews. People from 
outside public affairs will act as escorts to the mission control center. 



1.13.5 Commentary 



After SRB ignition, responsibility for providing mission commentary to the 
PAO Audio Network will transfer from KSC to the Johnson Space Center. 

During the Flight Operations phase of the mission, the JSC commentator will 
operate from the PAO Console in the Mission Control Center. 

Commentary will be developed to incorporate all air/ground voice 
communications for real-time release except when major news briefings take 
precedence or when there is am operational requirement for private commiuiication 
with the crew. 

Air/ground commimication not released real-time during major news 
briefings will be recorded and incorporated in the commentary immediately 
following those briefings. 

The operational requirement for privacy during air/ground communication 
will be established by the Mission Director in accordance with the provisions of 
NMI (TBD) STO Voice Communications Policy, and NMI 8610.11, Control of Access 
to Operational Voice Commimication Circuits. The plaimed exception to the real- 
time release of all air/groimd communication will be revealed and explained by the 
commentator prior to the private conversation. Unless expressly precluded by the 
provisions of the NASA Management Issuances cited above, the commentator will 
provide a summary of the nature of the private conversation without undue delay 
after the conversation is concluded. 

Under nominal conditions, responsibility for mission commentary, will 
remain with JSC through landing and rollout. During this end-of-mission period, the 
JSC commentator will be assisted as appropriate by the commentator at DFRC. 

Under other than nominal conditions which require a return to the launch 
site abort and landing, responsibility for the commentary will remain with JSC 
through landing and rollout and then transfer to KSC after rollout and wheel stop. 

Under other than nominal conditions which require a landing at Northrup 
Strip, responsibility for the commentary will remain at JSC. There will be no 
commentator at Northrup Strip. 

Under nominal conditions which require a landing at Northrup Strip, 
responsibility for mission commentary will remain with JSC through landing and 
rollout, assistsed by the commentator at NS, and then transfer to the commentator 
at NS after wheel stop. 

Management of the production, coordination, distribution and release of 
mission commentary through the PAO Audio Network are discussed in detail in the 

1-13 



telecomiDunications section of this plan. 

1.13.6 Transcriptions 

A verbatim tranicript of broadcast release network will be produced by 
Jdmson and distributed to Jobnson, Kennedy, and Dryden as soon as mechanically 
possible. These transcript- will be edited only for technical accuracy (spelling, 
typos, etc). There will be no deletions, additions, comments or amendments. 

Since the public affairs transcript is used primarily by news media operating 
on tight deadlines, it must be printed within two to four hours of its availability. 

The tremscript production staff will be sized to permit cycling a 15-minute 
air-ground/commentary tape through a first draft transcript, editing, final typing, 
final review, printing and delivery to Building 2 within two hours. During peak 
periods of air-to-grouwi, such as in high-activity stateside passes, trzmscript 
tumaroimd of up to four hours can be expected. 

Change-of-shift briefings may often be given a transcription priority greater 
than nominal air-to-ground and commentary. Change-of-shift briefings will 
typically last about 45 minutes. Priority transcription will be completed within two 
hours. Routine transcription of change-of-shift briefings will be completed in four 
hours. 

Beginning three days before launch, background briefings and press 
conferences will require transcription. Completed transcripts will be available 
about four hours after morning briefings and by noon of the following day for 
afternoon briefings. 

A two-shift tremscription operation will be required at T-3 days and a three- 
shift operation will be required from T-1 through end of mission. 
The final pre flight astronaut news conference, about 30 days before launch, will be 
transcribed, as will the postflight crew press conference, that will take 
place within a week after flight 

Word processors and and the pubUc affairs commvmication network will be 
used to prepare and distribute the transcripts. 

1.13.7 Tours and Interviews 

An interview desk will be staffed by a public information officer. 

1.13.8 Pool Positions 

A pool may be formed for coverage from the Mission Operations Control 
Center and for simulations. 



1-14 



1.13.9 Staffing 

Chief, information Operations 
News Center Manager (first shift) 
News Center Manager (second shift) 

- Query desks — six information officers 

- Literview desk - one information officer 

- Broadcast News Service - one information officer 

- Audio-visual coordinator - one public affairs person 

1.13.10 Missioan Control Center 

Mission commentary — Five public information officers; three assistant 
directors will be supplied by contractors. 

Clerical section — Three secretaries will be assigned as news center 

assistamts and one secretary will be assigned to the accreditation 
desk. Clerical and transcript 8tq>part will come &om other elements 
of the center. 

1.14 DRYDEN FUGHT RESEARCH CENTER NEWS CENTER OPERATION 

The Shuttle news center will be at the NASA site at Edwards Air Force Baae» 
Calif., and will consist of four separate physical operations: a news center, a 
working area for the news media, a press site at the landing area, and an auditorium 
for press briefings. 

The news center will house the query desk, a photographic services desk, 
contractor desks, a Department of Defense desk, emd desks for Shuttle field 
centers. 

The working press area will be located close to the news center and will 
contain tables for the press plus telephone trunk lines so that the news media may 
contract for telephone service. Television monitors with the NASA audio release 
will also be located in this facility. 

Two separate intercom lines will connect the press working area with the 
news center. 

The auditorium will seat at least ZOO news media and will contain the 
necesszuy facilities for monitoring all press conferences and briefing originating at 
the other NASA centers. 

If required, the auditorium will be used for working press, as telephones are 
available. NASA audio and television release distribution will be made from the 
audio/television trailer located next to the auditorium. 



1-15 



1.14.1 Hours of Operation 



Prior to launch, the news center will be manned normal working hours, 7:30 
a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Hours will be expanded if news activity warrants. At launch, all 
facilities will begin 24-hour operations, except the lakebed site, which will operate 
during daylight hours. 

1.14.2 Accreditation 

From T-3 imtil T-1, accreditation will be handled at the NASA Guest 
Services Center in Lancaster, Calif. At T-1 this operation will be moved to the 
public affairs office at NASA Dryden. 

1.14.3 Preliminary Briefing Schedule 

T-1 — Prelanding briefing on landing activities 

T+3 — Post landing briefing 

Other briefings sis required and in coordination with Johnson and 
Kennedy. 

1.14.4 Commentary 

During nominal landing operations at Dryden Flight Research Center, the 
mission commentator at JSC will incorporate supplementary reports from 
commentators in the DFRC Flight Operations Control Room and at the dry ladcebed 
landing site in the description of landing preparations and lamding operations. 

After wheel stop, responsibility for mission commentary will tramsfer to the 
commentator in the DFRC Flight Operations Control Room, who will continue to 
incorpcwate supplementary reports from the commentator at the landing site 
through crew egress. 

Mission commentary will conclude with crew departure from the leuiding 
site. 

Management of the productiuon, coordination, distribution and release of 
mission commentary through the PAO Audio Network are discussed in detail in the 
Telecommunications section of this plan. 

1.14.5 Press Site Operations 

A press site will be established on the edge of the leikebed approximately one 
mile from the planned touchdown location. A token fence will be used to prevent 
news media from closer access. This area is planned primarily for camera and 
television press who will have to use their own transportation. No telephone lines 
are available at this location. NASA audio release will be provided and, if possible, 
NASA television. 

1.14.6 Pool Positions 

A pool will be formed if an alternate landing strip is selected. 

1-16 



1.14.7 Staffing 

Chief, Information Operations 
News Center Manager 

- Query desks — six public information officers (including one 
each from Headquarters, Johnson, and Marshall 

~ Interview desk — one public information officer 

- Broadcast News Service — one public information officer 

- Commentary - one public information officer 

- Accreditation — two clerical 

- Contractor public relations desk 

- Defense Department representative 

- Lamding site news operation — two public information officers 

- Caravan to Shuttle after landing — one public information officer (from 
Kennedy. 

1.15 Proposed Shuttle News Center Staffing 

1.15.1 Kennedy Space Center 

Chief, Information Operations Harris (KSC) 

News Center Manager Young (KSC) 

Query desks Raab (KSC) 

Kristoff erson (KSC) 
Gordon (JSC) 
Senstad (HQ) 
Taylor (MSFC) 
Fitzpatrick (HQ) 
Two 2-year appointees 
(KSC) 



Interview desk 
Mission commentary 
Broadcast News Service 



To be determined 

Harris (KSC) 

To be determined 



1-17 



1.15.2 Johnson Space Center 
Chief, iiforination Operations 
News Center Manager (first shift) 
News Center Manager (second shift) 
Query desks 



Interview desk 
Audio-visual coordinator 
Commentators 



Broadcast News Service 



McLeaish (JSC) 

White (JSC) 

Riley (JSC) 

Redmond (HQ) 
Marman (HQ) 
Pzirker (Langley) 
Duncan (MSFC) 
Atchison (HQ) 
Herring (NSTL) 

Mays (JSC) 

Robbins (JSC) 

McLeaish (JSC) 
Riley (JSC) 
White (JSC) 
Cywanowicz (JSC) 
To be hired 
To be determined 



1-18 



p. 15.3 Dpyden Flight Research Center 

Chief, Information Operations 
News Center Manager 
Query desks 



Landii^ site informaticm officers 

Caravan public information 
officer 

Commentary 

Broadcast News Service 

Interview desk 

Photography coordinator 



Jackson (DFRC) 

Kukowski (HQ) 

Wood (JPL) 
McMillan (JPL) 
Becker (JPL) 
Dundon (contract) 
Pomeroy (HQ) 
Gordon (JSC) 

Miller (ARC) 
King (ARC) 



Young (KSC) 
To be determined 
To be determined 
To be determined 
To be determined 



1-19 



Accreditation letter 

I4ASA is accepting accreditation requests for news media to cover the first manned 

orbital flight of the Space Shuttle. Launch is scheduled for from Kennedy Space 

Center, Fla., with mission control from Johnson Space Center, Houston, and landing 
at the Dry den Flight Research Center, Edwards, Calif., or White Sands Missile 
Range, N.M., 54 hours later. 

The accreditation will also be good for the flight readiness firing at the Kexmedy 
Space Center. 

The news center will open at Kennedy at T-30, at Johnson at T-7, and at Dryden at 
T-7. Decision on the status of White Sands will be made at a later date. 

Requests for accreditation must be made by a news executive on company 
letterhead, clearly indicating the assignment (reporter, photographer, tecJmician, 
etc.) of each individual. The accreditation will be valid for all news centers. 

Requests should be submitted by to; 

NASA 

Code LFD-10 Accreditation 

Washington, D.C. Z0546 

Please indicate from which location(s) you plan to cover the mission. 

Here is a review of the NASA ground rules for newsmen covering the launch: 

- NASA can make no travel or housing arrangements. 

- Only working newsmen will be accredited at the news centers. 

Friends, dependents or relatives not covering the mission will not be 
accommodated. Special arrangements can be made only at the 
Kennedy news center where dependents may view the launch from 
a special dependents' site. 

- Philatelic publications must be publications for general sale or 
publications of national organizations. They eu« restricted to 
two representatives each. Newsletters of local clubs do not 
qualify. 

- College news media are limited to two accredited correspondents. 

- Parking permits, news room and press site seat assignments will be 
issued on a first-come, first served basis. 



1-20 



If your accreditation request is approved, you will be mailed a certificate to be 
presented in person to obtain a news badge at the appropriate news center. If you 
lose your accreditation certificate, a recwd that it was issued will be available at 
each news center. 

If you do not hear from your accreditation request by , please contact this office 

so that we may determine whether it was received and what action was taken on it. 



1-Zl 



IVJASA 

National Aeronajlcs and 
Space Administration 

EEKiatSight-lests 

Press 




Harold W. McGraw, Jr. 
AV Week 



1-22 



|0 PHOTOGRAPHY 

2.1 FOREWORD 

The Audio Visual Services Section of NASA's Public Affairs Division is responsible 
for providing a variety of photographic services for media use and historical 
documentation during the Flight Readiness Firing (FRF) and the first manned 
orbital flight of the Space Shuttle Columbia, STS-1. 

Services include still photographs and motion picture film of significant events 
during FRF and STS-1, pre-mission photographic documentation and 2ussistance to 
the news and information media before, during and after the two missions. 

The latest technology and state-of-the-art equipment and materials will be used to 
document the mission. 

Photographic documentation during STS-1 will be centered at the Kennedy Space 
Center, Fla., Johnson Space Center, Houston, Tex., Dryden Flight Research Center, 
Edwards, Calif., and White Sands Missile Range, N. Mex. (if required). FRF 
activities will be centered at KSC. 

2.2 PHOTOGRAPHIC SERVICES 

Each center (KSC, JSC and DFRC) will provide the following services during STS-1 
mission (KSC only during FRF): 

- "Quick release" still black and white photos for print 
media euid wire services. 

- "Quick release" still color prints to press aissociation 
pools for the print media. 

- "Quick release" motion picture film for the TV/Film pool. 

- Assistemce to major media in camera site location at 
KSC and DFRC (KSC only for FRF). 

- Coordinate media pool operations when needed. 

- Distribute pre-mission black and white prints and color 
transpsurencies of Space Shuttle activities to media 
STS-1 only). 

- Distribute pre-mission motion picture film of Space Shuttle 
activities to media (STS-1 only). 

2.3 PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION METHODS 

Both still and motion picture cameras will be used to document FRF and STS-1 
activities. 

Two still formats will be used, 6x6 centimeter (2 1/4 square) and 35mm; and two 
motion picture formats, 16mm and 35mm (standard and high speed) color. 

2-1 



Hand-held, tracker-mounted, fixed-position, helicopter and aircraft-borne camera 
systems will be deployed at critical sites to cover various mission phases. Remote 
start cameras will be used where required. In addition to Public Affairs deployed 
cameras, engineering still and motion picture photography will be used to document 
certain events. 

2.4 PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION RESPONSTOIUnES 

At the Kennedy Space Center the PAG contractor, Technicolor Inc., will provide 
still and motion picture photographic services under the direction of Ed Haurrison, 
KSC Public Affairs Audio Visual Chief. Assignments include preflight preparations, 
pre-flight astronaut activities, launch of the STS, launch control center, onsite 
viewing, offsite crowd, long range tracking and solid rocket booster recovery. 
Processing will be done on site by Technicolor. 

Photographic services at the Johnson Space Center will be performed by the on-site 
contractor. Technicolor, Inc. Bill Robbins, JSC Public Affairs Audio Visual Chief, 
will stipervise the JSC ground photographic activities. 

Ground activities include still emd motion picture coverage of mission control on a 
daily basis, still photography of TV transmissions from Columbia and other photo 
opportunities at JSC during the mission. 

Orbital photography aboard the Columbia is the responsibility of the JSC 
Photographic Documentation Division. On-orbit photography will consist of 35mm 
still color, 6x6cm still color emd 16mm motion picture film. All onboard film (still 
and motion picture) will be takea from the Orbiter cabin and flown immediately to 
JSC after the lakebed landing. No onboard film will be processed at DFRC. PAO 
will select still cmd motion picture footage for release at JSC on a priority baisis. 
About six prints and 200 feet of film will be released with photo captions and film 
narrative. The film clip will be video taped for TV use. 

At the Dryden Flight Research Center, lakebed photography will be supplied by 
members of a JSC Photo Documentation Team stq)ervised by Eugene Edmonds, 
Photographic Documentation Division. Off-lakebed photo services will be supplied 
by the DFRC Photo Lab., supervised by Larry Montoya, DFRC. Color still and 
motion picture processing will be done by the Edwards Air Force Base Photo Lab.; 
black and white processing will be done by the DFRC Photo Lab. 

Approach eaid landing, crew egress, VIP and general public viewing areas, crew 
debriefing and post landing operations will be covered. 

In the event of an abort once around landing at White Sands Missile Remge/Northrup 
Strip or an end of mission landing, lakebed photography would be provided by a JSC 
documentation crew. U.S. Army Signal Corps photo photographers would provide 
assistance with off-lakebed photography. 

A NASA landing contingency PAO will be on-site at WSMR . 

2.5 PRE-MISSION PHOTO ACTTVTnES 

Photographic services will commence well in advance of FRF and STS-1 launch 
day. Photo release will start at T-30 for FRF. Releases will be made from NASA 
HQ and cognizant field center Public Affairs Audio Visual Offices prior to the 

2-2 



opening of Photo News Offices on T-7 at KSC, JSC and DFRC, HQ Audio Visual will 
prepare a selection of prelaunch photographs for distribution to the media at each 
news center. Approximately 25 still photos will be selected, color and black and 
white, of buildiq) of the Space Shuttle and crew training activities during the 
preceding 90-120 day period. Each center will have supply of 8x10 prints and 4x5 
color transpairencies for distribution to media prior to FRF and STS-1 launch. 

KSC, JSC and DFRC will have available a selection of prelaimch TV/Film clips (no 
sound) and a series of single concept sound on film f eaturettes for distribution to 
the media. 

2.6 PREMISSION FILM PRODUCTION 

KSC, JSC, DFRC, and MSFC are completing a series of prelaunch TV clips for 
release at T-5 through the Audio Visual Photo News Offices at each Shuttle News 
Center. They pertain to: 

- Orbiter assembly 

- STS-1 mission profile 

- STS-1 launch aborts 

- Orbiter flight computers 

- Payload bay door operation 

- Orbiter thermal protection system 

- Astronaut training 

- Astronaut personality 

- STS assembly and checkout 

- Launch pad safety features 

- Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) recovery 

- SRB testing 

- SRB parachute recovery 

- STS refurbishment 

- Shuttle groimd vibration testing 

- Space Shuttle Main testing 

- External Tank assembly 

Each TV/Film clip will be 100-150 feet in length and be accompanied with a 
suggested narrative script. 

A series of sii^le concept, sound-on-film featurettes will be completed on 
distribution to the TV/Fihn media by the Photo News Office at each Shuttle News 
Center. The Shuttle digest series films eae: 

- Orbiter Flight - 8-10 min. 

- The Orbiter - 8-10 min. 

- Missions and Payloads - 10-15 min. 

- Space Shuttle Economics - TBD 

- Astronaut Training - 8-10 min. 

- Flight Simulator - 4-5 min. 

- Ground Support - 4-5 min. 

- Communications - 4-5 min. 

- Propulsion - 4-5 min. 

- EVA (tools, tethers suits, etc.) - 8-10 min. 



2-3 



In addition to the above, Aeronautics and Space Reports, profiling the crew (long 
and short version), a TDRSS film, and a 30-minute Space Shuttle film are in 
production for distribution to the TV/Film media. 

2.7 MEDIA POOL ACTIVrnES 

Media pools will be formed where, for reasons of space limitations and safety, only 
a limited number of the working press will be allowed. A "photographic pool" will 
consist of three still photographers (AP, UPI and a magazine photographer) and two 
motion picture photographers (16mm and 35/65mm). This group will accompany 
pool reporters selected by TV and the writing press. A NASA still and motion 
picture team will be a part of the pool contingent. 

In addition, a pool eurangement will be meide to man the press observation booth 
adjacent to the VIP viewing room at JSC Mission Control (see Public ^formation 
Section). Additional pools may be designated when warremted. 

Pool activities currently designated are: 

- Astronauts leaving crew quarters on morning of FRF and 
STS-1 launch day 

- KSC firing room after a successful FRF and STS-1 launch 

- JSC mission control center after successful completion of 
STS-1 mission 

^.8 ACCREDITATION AND BADGING 

All news media will be accredited through HQ Public Information Services. Special 
"Photo Release" accreditation cards will be provided to news organizations to 
enable one representative to receive "quick-release" color and black and white 
photographs provided by NASA. "Photo Release" cards will be distributed by the 
News Center Photo News Offices at KSC, JSC and DFRC. Accreditated media, 
writers and photographers must reregister at the Photo News Desk at each center 
to qualify to receive NASA siqjplied photographs. Additional information on 
accreditation is in the Public biformation Section. 

All members of the media are required to be badged for admittance of News 
Centers, viewing sites emd press pool participation. See the Public Information 
section for details. 

2.9 STAFFING ASSIGNMENTS 

Les Gaver, Chief, Audio Visual of NASA Headquarters is Manager of Photographic 
Operations for FRF and STS-L His assistant is Jim Hood, Audio Visual, NASA 
Headquarters. 

2.9.1 KSC 

Althea Washington, NASA Headquarters Audio Visual, will manage the KSC News 
Center Photo News Office (Cocoa Beach). Curtis Hunt, MSEC, will assist. 



2-4 



Ed Harrison, KSC Audio Visual Chief, will si^ervise KSC photo operations. The 
NASA contractor for photographic services is Technicolor, Inc. (TI). The TI staff 
will provide all technical siq>port required to document the pre-mission and launch 
phase of FRF and STS-L TI will also provide support to the Photo Office at the off- 
site news center (Cocoa Beach) in the form of: 

- Film editor (Technicolor Inc.) 

- Caption writer (TO 

- Photo clerks (2) {TO 

- Typists (2) (TD 

- Couriers (3) (TI) 

- Escorts (10) (TI) 



Z.9.2 JSC 



Bill Robbins, JSC Audio Visual Coordinator will supervise JSC PAO photo 
operations. The contractor (Technicolor, Inc.) will staff the photo office. Prime 
photographers Andrew Patnesky (still) and Charles Turner (motion picture) will 
provide required photo coverage at JSC. 

2.9.3 DFRC 

Photographic services at DFRC (except lakebed photography) will be provided by 
the contractor-operated DFRC Photo Lab. under the siipervision of Larry Montoya, 
DFRC, and by the Edwards Air Force Base Photo Lab. 

Color processing will be done by the EAFB Photo Lab., black and white by the 
DFRC Photo Lab. 

The DFRC Photo Lab. contractor will staff the Photo News Office at the DFRC 
News Center. The Photo News Officer is yet to be determined. An assistant is yet 
to be named. 

Lsikebed photography will be siq)plied by members of the JSC Photographic 
Documentation Division, tmder the supervision of Eugene Edmonds, JSC. 

2.9.4 WHITE SANDS/NORTHRUP STRIP 

In the event of an end of mission, rather than return to White Sands/Northrup Strip 
with sufficient advance notice, a Photo News Office will be established at White 
Sands in the News Center. Personnel from DFRC will staff. Services to the media 
will be substantially the same as at DFRC. 

JSC Photographic Documentation Division will provide lakebed photo services to be 
used by Public Affairs. Additional photographic services will be provided by the 
U.S. Army Signal Corps Photo Lab. at the White Sands Missile Range, imder 
contract to NASA. 

In the event of an abort once around (AOA) — less than one orbit mission— basic 
photographic requirements will be provided by the Army Photo Lab. and JSC 
Photographic Docmentation Division photographers who will be onsite for the 
mission. 



2-5 



A NASA Public Affairs representative, Larry King of Ames Research Center, will 
coordinate the Public Afairs requirements for an OAO contingency. Additional help 
t^on notification of an AOA will come from DFRC PAO personnel. 

2.10 PROCESSING AND DISTRIBUTION 

All film used for public affairs purposes will be processed at the center where it is 
shot. On (»bit photography will be processed at JSC after retrieval from the 
Columbia. 

Designated still color and black and white film will be processed rapidly for "quick 
release" to the media at KSC, JSC, DFRC and WSMR, if required. Black and white 
prints, with captions, will be available to the media within two hours after 
retrievaL Color prints will be available for media distribution in about four hours 
after retrievaL 

Original still negatives will be delivered to NASA HQ Audio Visual. Duplicate 
negatives will be sent to field center photo offices within seven working days. 

Designated motion picture film in a 16mm format will be quick processed at launch 
and landing for distribution to the TV/Film pool at KSC and DFRC. I6mm 
prelaimch and other launch footage will be processed at KSC and DFRC on a 
priority basis azul prints made available to HQ, JSC and MSEC in five to seven 
working days. All 35mm film footage will be shipped directly to NASA HQ Audio 
Visual for processing. 

ARTISnC DOCUMENTATION 

Nationally known zu'tists will be invited to pictoriadly document the launch and 
landing of the STS-1 mission. NASA Graphics Coordinator, Robert Schulman, will 
be responsible for: 

- Selecticm of events to be portrayed 

- Selection emd commissioning of artists 

- Logistics, including funding 

- Coordination with cognizant PAOs at News Centers 

Preliminary selection of events to be documented include: 

- Crew preflight activities (suit iq> and departure 
from the Operations and Checkout Building at KSC) 
One iirtist (clearance required) 

- Launch of Columbia at KSC - three artists 

- Landing at DFRC - one artist 

- Post-flight crew activities at DFRC - one artist 
(clearance required) 



2-6 



2.12 



CAMERA SITES FOR SPACE SHUTTLE 



LAUNCH COMPLEX - 39A 



All cameras - remote start 



hf 

s. 




2-7 



FIXED SERVICE STRUCTURE 
CAMERA POSITIONS 

-Overall launch vehicle 
-Orbiter during liftoff 




Camera positions 



Access Arm 
White Room 



Pad elevator 



2-:8 



TRACKING CAMERA SITES 



New Smyrna Beach 
Camera Site 



UGS-9 camera site 



LC-39 





/ 



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Cocoa Beach Camera 



Melbourne Beach Camera 



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2-20 



3.0 TELECOMMUNICATIONS 



3.1 POUCY 



Information about orbital flight test operational activities will be 
disseminated in real time through audio emd video distribution networks which 
constitute a telecommunications S3rstem. Public Affairs msmagement and 
coordination of programming on the networks will utilize intercenter voice 
communication circuits to maintain effective Agency-wide planning and 
implementation. 

3.2 PURPOSE 

The use of the Telecommunications System will assure NASA amd the media 
that all of the information available to NASA Public Affairs is made available to 
the media in real time, and that it is stated in the same manner and presented in 
the same form simultaneously at all STS-1 News Center locations. The 
Telecommunications System will provide an audio/video capability to originate 
information for simultaneous dissemination to all STS-1 operational locations by 
collecting the information from all locations at any one of them and processing it 
for network distribution to all STS News Centers, other NASA locations and 
elsewhere as appropriate. 

3.3 IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR AUDIO NETWORK PRODUCTION AND 
DISTRIBUTION 

The Public Affairs Audio Release Network, "PAO Release," will originate 
through NASA facilities at KSC, JSC, MSFC, DFRC and WSMR/NS. 

Appropriate arrangements will be provided to enable accredited media 
representatives to listen to the Network programming in the NASA News Centers 
and Press Centers at those locations and Headquarters during activities eissociated 
with all Oribtal Flight Test operations, juid at other Centers on a more limited 
basis. 

Broadcast media will be granted direct access to the Network at the 
originating locations with permission to incorporate the NASA audio in whole or in 
part in radio and television programming. 

3.3.1 PRE-LAUNCH ACTIVITIES AND LAUNCH OPERATIONS PHASE 

3.3.1.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

The Audio Release Network will be activated from KSC to provide scheduled 
coverage during the Flight Readiness Firing and Mission Verification Test 
simulations. The Network will be activated again at T-5 to provide coverage of 
launch preparations and launch operations. JSC, MSFC, DFRC and WSMR/NS will 
provide supporting coverage to KSC from their respective locations as necesscury. 

The PAO Commentator at KSC will exercise control of the network during 
this phase. He will develop the information to be released, determine the selection 

3-1 



of programming sequences and content, and coordinate his activities and decisions 
with PAO commentators at other Centers as well as the Executive Producer of the 
Video Release Network. 

3.3 .1.2 Audio Facilities Equipment and Personnel 

The Commentator will operate from the PAO Console in the Launch Control 
Center during test, simulation and launch activities. At other times he will work 
from positions established for that purpose at the Press Site News Center. 

The Audio Releeise Network Control Room at KSC will be located in the 
Press Site News Center. The facility will be designed by Planning Reseau-ch 
Corporation for the Communications Branch of KSC Electronic Engineering. It will 
be installed by RCA under contract to TI-COM-3. New equipment purchases will be 
funded by the KSC STS Program Office. 

The Control Room will be operated by RCA vmder the supervision of the KSC 
Public Affairs Office. 

Production of pre-laimch and launch coverage will utilize a total of 15 
primary sources; nine of them originating at KSC. 

KSC PAO Commentator - LCC or News Center locations. 

Umbilical Intercom - Crew commimication with White Room and KSC 
Launch Control. 

Pad Sound - Laimch pad actuality during lift-off. 

Press Site News Center - Briefixigs and News Conferences. 

North Parkway VIP Site - VIP actuality. 

Pelican Plaza VIP Site - VIP actuality. 

Seagull Plaza VIP Site - VIP actuality. 

TV Audio - Audio from Video Network camera locations and videotape 
recorders at KSC, selected and mixeid at the Video Network audio 
console. 

Playback Audio - Audio from Audio Network recorders located in the 
KSC control room. 

Six sources originating at other Centers will include: 

Air/Ground Select - Prime crew communication link with JSC MCC 
selected from A/G 1, A/G 2 and A/G UHF at JSC and fed to KSC via 
AT&T longline. 

JSC/DFRC Commentary - PAO Commentators, voice only or 
sequenced with other local audio sources, fed to KSC via AT&T 
longline. 



3-2 



NS Commentary - PAO Commentaitors, voice only or sequenced with 
other local audio sources, fed to KSC via AT&T longline. 

MSFC Commentary - PAO Commentators, voice only or sequenced 
with other local audio sources, fed to KSC via AT&T longline. 

RCA Americom - Audio following video in lip sjmch when KSC is 
i-eceiving video from other Centers via satellite. 

Lip Synch Audio - Audio following video in lip synch when KSC is 
receiving video from other Centers via terrestrial link. 

Audio Network facilities, equipment and personnel required at the Johnson 
Space Center, the Dryden Flight Research Center emd the White Semds Missile 
Range/Northrup Strip are described in subsequent sections of the 
Telecommunications plan. 

Facilities and personnel at the Marshall Space Flight Center will include a 
PAO Commentator's position located in the Himtsville Operations Support Center 
(HOSC). This position will be on standby status during nominal pre-launch tests, 
launch preparations and launch operations. It will become fully operational during 
non-nominal situations involving the propulsion system when HOSC becomes a 
principal source of information about conditions which affect mission status. 

The facility will be designed by (TBD) for the MSFC (TBD), and operated by 
(TBD) under the stq>ervision and control of the MSFC Public Affairs Office. 



New equipment costs will be funded by (TBD). 



The MSFC PAO Commentator will be provided with PAO Release, PAO 
COORD, PAO CUE and PAO ENGINEERING. He will coordinate his activities with 
the HOSC (TBD) on the (TBD), and will have access to the HOSC voice 
communication circuits at MSFC and with MSFC representatives located at KSC. 



3.3.1.3 Distribution 



PAO Releeise, the sequenced output of the Audio Release Network, will flow 
from KSC through GSFC via AT&T longlines to all other NASA Centers and 
Headquarters for on-site distribution cis required. 

PAO Release will also flow through the Video Network Control Room and 
the KSC Commimications Distribution and Switching Center to the RCA KSC Earth 
Station for distribution by commercial satellite relay to Video Network locations. 

On-site distribution of PAO Release at KSC will include the Press Site News 
Center, the Press Viewing Site, the VIP Viewing Site, selected Public Viewing Sites 
and the Visitors Information Center. 

Direct media access to PAO Release at the Press Viewing Site will be 
provided as follows: 

Low Impedance - 100 XLR 600 ohm o db plugs 

High Impedance - 50 RCA Phono jacks 



3-3 



Terminal Strips - 8 strips x 8 outputs each 
Access in the Press Site News Center: 

Terminal Strips - 8 strips x 8 outputs each 
Access at the Broadcast Interface: 

Distribution Amplifiers - 6 DA's x 8 outputs each 

The Broadcast Interface complex can also be configured to provide immixed, 
uninterrupted feeds of other Audio Network sources as required. 

3.3.1.4 Communications 

The KSC PAO Commentator will have access to all Air/Ground and 
Umbilical communication with the crew as well sis all Launch Control 
communication with the Test Conductor and Launch Director. 

The Commentator will coordinate Audio Release Network activities with the 
Director of Public Affairs, the STS Public Affairs Officer, the JSC, DFRC, and 
MSFC Public Affairs Officers and other Headquarters and Center public affairs 
mauiagers and supervisors via the PAO COORD circuit. 

He will coordinate with the Audio Network Control Room, other PAO 
Commentators and the Video Relesise Network via PAO CUE, and with the Audio 
Network Control Room via PAO ENGINEERING. The principal media interface 
regarding Audio Network operations and services will be through the Press Site 
Manager's Office, telephone (TED). 

3.3.2 FUGHT OPERATIONS PHASE 

3.3.2.1 Network Responsibility emd Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Commentary will pass to JSC after SRB 
ignition. Technicsil responsibility for the Audio Release Network will passs to JSC 
during the first LOS after a nominal orbit is assured. The PAO Commentators on 
duty at JSC will exercise control of the network from SRB ignition through landing 
and rollout. They will develop the information to be released, determine the 
selection of programming sequences emd content, and coordinate their activities 
and decisions with PAO Commentators at other Centers as well as the Executive 
Producer of the Video Release Network. 

3.3.2.2 Audio Production Facilities and Personnel 

The JSC Commentator will operate from the PAO Console in the Mission 
Operations Control Room (MOCR). 

The Audio Network Control Room at JSC will be located in the News Center 
in Building 2. It will be designed and installed by AV Service Corporation for the 
JSC Office of Public Affairs. The PAO Console in the MOCR and the Audio 
Network Control facility will be operated by AV under the siq)ervision and control 
of JSC Public Affairs. 

3-4 



New equipment purchases will be funded by JSC. 

Production of Audio Network coverage during flight operations will utilize a 
total of 14 primary sources, nine of them originating at JSC. 

JSC PAO Commentator - Commentator in Mission Control Center. 

Air/Ground #1 - Crew communication with JSC MCC. 

ilir/Ground #2 - Crew communication with JSC MCC. 

Air/Ground UHF - Crew communication with JSC MCC. 

Air/Grovmd Select - Prime crew communication with JSC MCC 
selected from A/G 1, A/G 2 and A/G UHF. 

Playback Audio - Audio from Audio Network recorders in Bldg. 2. 

TV Audio - Audio from Video Network videotape recorders at JSC, 
selected and mixed at the Video Network audio console. 

Bldg. 2 Briefing Room - Audio from change of shift briefings. 

Press Center Auditorium - Audio from news conferences in Press 
Center auditorium. 

Five soiurces originating at other Centers will include: 

KSC Commentary - PAO Commentator, voice only or sequenced with 
other local audio sources at KSC. 

DFRC Commenteiry - PAO Commentator, voice only or sequenced 
with other local audio sources at DFRC. 

NS Audio - PAO Commentator, voice only or sequenced with other 
audio sources at NS. 

RCA Americom - Audio following video in lip synch when JSC is 
receiving video from the orbiter or other Centers via satellite. 

Lip Synch Audio - Audio following video in lip synch when JSC is 
receiving video from other Centers via terrestrial link. 



3.3.2.3 Distribution 



The output of the Audio Release Network, PAO Release, will flow from 
Building 2 to JSC CLS Board in Building 30, then via AT&T longlines to all other 
NASA Centers including GSFC amd Headqu£u*ters for on-site distribution as 
r^quifed. 

It will also flow through Video Network Control amd the JSC Comm Control 
to the RCA JSC Earth Station for distribution by commercial satellite relay to 
other Video Network locations. 



3-5 



On-site distribution of PAO release at JSC will include the News Center, the 
Press Center and the Visitors Information Center. 

Direct media access to Audio Network sources at the JSC News Center, 
Building 2, Room 135-36, will include: 

PAO Release - 72 Outputs 

PAO Commentary - 18 Outputs 

Air /Ground Select - 18 Outputs 

Video Release Network Audio - 18 Outputs 

3.3.2.4 Communications 

The JSC PAO Commentator will have access to all Air/Ground 
communication with the crew as well as all Mission Operations Control Room 
communication with the Flight Director. 

The Commentator will coordinate Audio Release Network activities with the 
Director of Public Affairs, the STS Public Affairs Office, the JSC, DFRC and 
MSFC Public Affairs Officers and other Headquarters and Center public affairs 
memagers and siipervisors via the PAO COORD circuit. 

He will coordinate with the Audio Network Control Room, other PAO 
Commentators and the Video Release Network via PAO CUE, smd the Audio 
Network Control Room via PAO ENGINEERING. 

The principal media interface regarding Audio Network operations amd 
services will be through (TBD). 

3.3.3 NOMINAL LANDING OPERATIONS PHASE - DFRC 

3.3.3.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Audio Release Network will remain with JSC 
through landing amd rollout. During this period, the PAO Commentators at JSC will 
exercise control of the network and will develop the information to be released, 
determine the selection of programming sequences and content, and coordinate 
their activities and decisions with PAO Commentators at other Centers as well as 
the Executive Producer of the Video Release Network. 

The Commentator at DFRC will provide supporting coverage to JSC. 

3.3.3.2 Audio Production Facilities and Personnel 

The JSC Commentator will continue to operate from the PAO Console in the 
Mission Operations Control Room. The Commentator at DFRC will operate from 
the PAO Console in the Flight Operations Control Room. 

Control of the Audio Network will be retained by JSC as configured for 
Flight Operations coverage. 

3-6 



The Audio Network control facility at DFRC will be located in the 
audio/ video trailer adj acent to the Intercenter Support Facility. It will be designed 
and installed by Taft Broadcasting under contract to JSC Center Operations, and 
will be operated by Taft under the supervison and control of JSC Public Affairs. 

New equipment purchases will be funded by the JSC STS Program Office. 

Production of Audio Network coverage during landing operations will utilize 
a total of 19 primary sources, 14 at JSC as configured for Flight Operations and five 
originating at DFRC. 

PAO Commentator - Commentator in DFRC Flight Operations 
Control Room. 

TV-#1(J) - Actuality soimd from Video Network mobile imit situated 
at planned touchdown point. 

TV-#3(J) - Actuality sound from Video Network mobile imit situated 
at the east edge of the lakebed. 

Press Center Auditorium - Audio from news conferences or briefings 
in the DFRC Press Center. 

Playback Audio - Audio from Audio Network Recorders in 
Audio/Video Trailer. 

3.3.3.3 Distribution 

The configuration of the Audio Release Network will remain unchanged for 
distribution from JSC during Landing Operations. 

On-site distribution at DFRC, fimded, installed and operated by JSC, will 
include the News Center, the Press Center and the Press Center Annex. 
Distribution to the Press Viewing Site and the VIP Viewing Sites will be provided by 
the DFRC Public Affairs office. 

Direct media access to Audio Network sources at DFRC will include: 

PAO Release - 48 Outputs 

PAO Commentary - 16 Outputs 

Air/Ground Select - 16 Outputs 

TV-#1(J) Audio - 16 Outputs 

TV-#2(J) Audio - 16 Outputs 

1.3.3.4 Communications 

Access to an4 configuration and use of voice communication circuits at JSC 
will remain unchsmged during Izuiding operations. 



3-7 



The PAO Commentator at DFRC will have access to all Air/Ground 
communicatiai with the crew, Mission Operations Control Room communication 
with the Fligh : Director, and Flight Operations Control commimication with the 
OFT Manager. 

The Commentator at DFRC will coordinate Audio Network activities with 
the Commentator at JSC on PAO COORD and PAO CUE. He will coordinate with 
the Audio Network control room in the audio/video trailer at DFRC on PAO CUE 
and PAO ENGINEERING. He will coordinate with the PIO in the landing operations 
convoy on (TBD). 

The principal media interface regarding Audio Network operations and 
services at JSC will continue to be (TBD). The interface at DFRC will be through 
(TBD). 

3.3.4 NOMINAL POST-LANDING OPERATIONS PHASE - DFRC 

3.3.4.1 Network Respcmsibility and Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Audio Release Network will pass to DFRC after 
rollout Jind wheel stop. The PAO Commentator at DFRC will exercise control of 
the network and will develop the information to be released, determine the 
schedule and selection of programming sequences and content, amd coordinate his 
activities and decisions with PAO Commentators at other Centers as well as the 
Executive Producer of the Video Network. 

The Commentator at JSC will provide supporting coverage to DFRC until 
crew egress. 

3.3.4.2 Audio Production ^Facirlities and Personnel 

The Commentator at DFRC will operate from the PAO Console in the Flight 
Operations Control Room. 

The Audio Control Facility will be the Audio Network Control Room. 

Production of Audio Network coverage during post-lamding operations will 
utilize a total of nine primztry sources, six of them originating at DFRC: 

PAO Commentator - Commentator in Flight Operations Control 
Room. 

TV-#1(J) - Lakebed PIO Commentary and/or crew egress activities 
from Video Network mobile unit in landing operations convoy. 

TV-#2(J) - Actuality sound from Video Network mobile unit covering 
crew activities upon arrival at medical facility. 

Press Center Auditorium - Audio from news conferences or briefings 
in the DFRC Press Center. 

Playback Audio - Audio from Audio Network Recorders in the Audio 
V Control Facility. 



3-8 



TV Audio - Audio from Video Network videotape recorders in the 
Audio Control Facility. 

Three sources originating at other Centers will include: 

JSC Commentary - PAO Commentator, voice only or mixed with 
other audio sources at JSC. 

Air/Ground Select - Prime crew commimication selected from A/G 1, 
A/G 2 and A/G UHF. 

RCA Americom - Audio following video in lip synch when DFRC is 
receiving video from other Centers via satellite. 



3.3.4.3 Distribution 



The configuration of the Audio Release Network for distribution at DFRC 
during landing operations will be retained during post-lsuiding operations, as will on- 
site distribution and direct media access. 

3.3.4.4 Communications 

Access to and configuration and use of voice commimication circuits at 
DFRC during landing operations will be retained during post-landing operations. 

The Commentator at DFRC will coordinate Audio Release Network 
activities with the Director of Public Affairs, the STS Public Affairs Officer, the 
JSC Public Affairs Officer and other Headquarters and Center public affairs 
managers and siq)ervisors on the PAO COORD circuit. He will coordinate with the 
Audio Network Control Room, other PAO Commentators amd the Video Release 
Network on PAO CUE, and with the Audio Release Network Control Room in the 
audio/video trailer on PAO ENGINEERING. 

The principal media interface regarding Audio Network operations emd 
services will be through (TBD). 

3.3.5 RETURN TO LAUNCH SITE ABORT AND LANDING 

3.3.5.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibility for PAO Commentzury will pass from KSC to JSC after SRB 
ignition. In the event of a return to the launch site abort and landing, the PAO 
Commentator on duty at JSC will continue to exercise control of the network 
through landing and rollout as described for Flight Operations and Landing 
Operations. Technical responsibility for the Audio Release Network will remain at 
KSC as configured for Launch Operations. 

The KSC Commentator will continue to provide supporting coverage to JSC 
from the LCC. 

3.3. 5.Z Audio Production Facilities emd Personnel 

There will be no change in production facilities and personnel as described 
for JSC diuring nominal Flight Operations and Landing Operations; except to delete 
DFRC Commentary and NS Audio from sources originating at other Centers. 

3-9 



Shuttle Landing Facility audio from KSC will be provided through Video 
Network mobile imits as repositioned for RTLS coverage and mixed with 
commentzu-y on the KSC Commentary, RCA Americom and Lip Snych Audio 
circuits to JSC. 



3.3.5.3 Distribution 



Distribution at JSC and KSC as configured for nominal Flight Operations and 
Landing Operations will be retained. Distribution at DFRC as configured for 
nominal Laimch Operations will be retained. 

3.3.5.4 Communications 

Communications will be configured and coordinated as described for nominal 
Flight Operations, with the retention of the nominal Launch Operations 
configuration at KSC. 

3.3.6 RTLS POST-LANDING OPERATIONS 

3.3.6.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Audio Release Network will return from JSC to 
KSC after rollout and wheel stop. The PAO Commentator at KSC will exercise 
control of the network. 

The Commentator at JSC will provide supporting coverage to KSC from 
Mission Control until crew egress. 

3.3.6.2 Audio Production Facilities and Personnel 

The Commentator at KSC will continue to operate from the PAO Console in 
LCC while it remains active jind then will move to his position at the Press Site. 
The Audio Release Network Control Room will again be the facility in the Press 
Site News Center. 

Production of post-landing operations coverage will be limited to eight KSC 
sources: 

PAO Commentcury - PAO Commentator 

Press Site News Center - Briefings and News Conferences 

TV Audio - Audio from Video Network Camera locations as re- 
positioned to the landing strip or assigned to other locations activated 
because of the RTLS abort, as well as audio from videotape recorders 
at KSC. 

Playback Audio - Audio from Audio Network recorders located in the 
KSC control rooms. 

Sources origins^ting at other Centers will include: 

Air/Ground Select - Prime crew commimication link with JSC MCC. 



JSC Commentary - PAO Commentator, voice only or sequenced with 
other JSC sources. 

RCA Americom - Audio following video in lip synch when KSC is 
receiving video from other Centers via satellite. 

Lip Synch Audio - Audio following video in lip synch when KSC is 
receiving video from other Centers via terrestrial link. 



3.3.6.3 Distribution 



Configured as fear Launch Operations. 
3.3.6.4 Commimications 

Configured as for Launch Operations. 

3.3.7 AOA LANDING AND POST-LANDING OPERATIONS AT NORTHRUP STRIP 

3.3.7.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Audio Relesise Network will remain with JSC 
through landing and post-landing operations. The PAO Commentator at JSC will 
exercise control of the network. There will be no commentator at the landing site. 

3.3.7.2 Audio Production Facilities and Personnel 

Audio Network Control will be retained by JSC as configured for Flight 
Operations coverage. The only audio sources at the landing site will be the shotgun 
microphone carried by TV-#3, the Video Network mobile unit which is located at 
Northrup Strip during the launch phase and then transported to DFRC. 

3.3.7.3 Distribution 

Distribution will be configured as described for Flight Operations, with the 
addition of eight outputs for direct media access at the landing site PAO complex. 
There will be no ol^er on-site distribution of PAO Release. 

3.3.7.4 Commimications 

Communication will be configured as described for Flight Operations. There 
will be no media interface at Northrup Strip. 

3.3.8 NOMINAL LANDING AND POST-LANDING OPERATIONS AT NORTHRUP STRIP 

3.3.8.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Audio Release Network will remain with JSC 
through landing and rollout, as described for nominal lamding operations at DFRC. 

The Commentator at Northrup Strip will provide coverage to JSC from the 
lauiding site. 



3-11 



3.3.8.2 Audio Production Facilities and Personnel 

The JSC Commentator will continue to operate from the PAO Console in the 
Mission OperatioiB Control Room. The Commentator at NS will operate from the 
OFT Operations Center. 

Audio Network Control will be retained by JSC as configured for Flight 
Operations coverage. 

The Audio Network control facility at NS will be located in TV-#5(J). It will 
be designed and installed by Taft Broadcasting under contract to JSC Center 
Operations, and will be operated by Taft under the supervision and control of JSC 
Public Affairs. 

New equipment purchases will be fimded by the JSC STS Program Office. 

Production of Audio Network coveraige during landing operations at NS will 
utilize a total of 18 primary soiirces, 14 at JSC as configured for Flight Operations 
and foiu- originating at NS. 

PAO Commentator - NS Commentator located in the Control Tower. 

TV-#3(J) - Actuality sound from Video Network mobile imit situated 
at lauiding site. 

TV-#5(J) - Actuality sound from Video Network mobile unit situated 
at lamding site. 

Landing Site Press Center - Audio from briefings amd news 
conferences at landing site. 

Playback Audio - Audio from Audio Network recorders in (TBD) . 

3.3.8.3 Distribution 

The configuration of the Audio Release Network will remain unchanged for 
distribution from JSC diuring landing operations at NS. 

On-site distribution at NS, funded by (TBD), will include the NASA News 
Center at White Sands Missile Rsmge, the Landing Site Press Center, the Press 
Viewing Site, the VIP Viewing Site and selected Public Viewing Sites. 

Direct media access to Audio Network sources at NS will include: 

PAO Release - (TBD) Outputs 

PAO Commentary - (TBD) Outputs 

Air/Ground Select - (TBD) Outputs 

TV-#3 (J) Audio - (TBD) Outputs 

TV-#5(J) Audio - (TBD) Outputs 



3-12 



3.3.8.4 Communications 

Access to and configuration and use of voice communication circuits at JSC 
will remain unchanged during landing operations at NS. 

The PAO domitentator at NS will have access to (TBD). 

The PAO Commentator at NS will coordinate Audio Network activities with 
the Commentator at JSC on PAO COORD and PAO CUE. He will coordinate with 
the Audio Netwcn-k control room in (TBD) on PAO CUE and PAO ENGINEERING. 

The principal media interface regarding Audio Network operations and 
services at JSC will continue to be (TBD). 

3.3.9 AOA LANDING AND POST-LANDING OPERATIONS AT DFRC 

3.3.9.1 Network Responsibility and Control 
As described for nominal landing and post-lsmding operations. 

3.3.9.2 Audio Production Facilities amd Personnel 

As described for nominal landing and post-landing operations except delete 
TV-#3 mobile imit audio capability and personnel. 

3.3.9.3 Distribution 

As described fen- nominal landing and post-landing operations. 

3.3.9.4 Commtmications 

As described for nominal landing and post-landing operations. 

3.4 IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR VIDEO NETWORK PRODUCTION AND 

DISTRIBUTION 

The Public Affairs Video Release Network will originate through NASA 
facilities at KSC, JSC, DFRC and WSMR/NS. 

Appropriate arrangements will be provided to enable accredited media 
representatives to view the network programming in STS News Centers and Press 
Centers during activities associated with major orbital flight test operations, and at 
Headqucu>ters and other Centers on a more limited basis. 

Television media will be granted direct access to the network at the 
originating locations and AT&T CTO in New York and Los Angeles with permission 
to incorporate the NASA Video in whole or in part in television programming. 

3.4.1 PRE-LAUNCH ACnvmES AND LAUNCH OPERATIONS PHASE 

^K.4.1.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

The Video Release Network will be activated from KSC to provide scheduled 
coveraige during the Flight Readiness Firing amd Mission Verification Test 

3-13 



simulations. The Network will be activated again at T-5 to provide coverage of 
pre-launch activities, launch preparations and launch operations. Supporting 
coverage will be provided to KSC from JSC and WSMR/NS by JSC. Supporting 
coveraige from DFRC will be provided via WSMR/NS as appropriate. 

The Deputy Director of Public Affairs, as PAO Video Release Network 
Executive Producer, will exercise control of the network at KSC auid determine the 
selection of programming sequences and content. 

3.4.1.2 Video Facilities, Equipment and Personnel 

The PAO Video Release Network Control Room at KSC will be located in the 
Press Site News Centek The facility will be designed by Plamning Research 
Corporation for the Commtmication Bremch of KSC Electronic Engineering. It will 
be installed by RCA imder contract to TI-COM-2. New equipment purchases will 
be funded by the KSC STS Program Office. 

The control room will be operated by RCA under the supervision of the KSC 
(TBl3). 

Sequencing of pre-launch and laimch operations coverage will utilize a total 
of 17 color cameras. Ten of these will be provided by the KSC Commimications 
Branch with STS Program Office fimding, six in fixed locations and four in mobile 
imits: 

TV-#1(K) - Minicam imit installed in van equipped with microwave 
tremsmitter. 

TV-#2(K) - Minicam unit installed in van equipped with microwave 
transmitter. 

TV-#3(K) - Minicam unit installed in vam equipped with microwave 
transmitter. 

TV-#4(K) - Studio camera unit installed on the VAB roof. 

TV-#5(K) - Studio camera until installed in van located at Universal 
Camera Site #15. 

TV-#6{K) - Studio camera imtil installed on the Mate/DeMate Device 
at the Shuttle Landing Facility. 

TV-#7(K) - Minicam tmit fix moimted at Universal Camera Site #2. 

TV-#8(K) - Minicam unit fix moimted in the White Room. 

FR 1 - Remote controlled minicam unit in Laimch Control Center 
Firing Room #1. 

FR 2 - Remote controlled minicam unit in Launch Control Center 
Firing Room #1. 

One camera at KSC will be provided by JSC: 

TV Chase #1 - Minicam unit installed in chase aircraft equipped with 
mirowave transmitter. 

3-14 



The other sources will include: 

JSC Select - Sequenced output of two JSC color cameras and 
\ monochrome MOCR displays at JSC. 

MOCR 1 - Remote controlled minicam unit in the Misssion 
Operations Control Room. 

MOCR 2 - Remote controlled minicam imit in the Mission 
Operations Control Room. 

NS Select - Sequenced output of three JSC color cameras and one 
WSMR telescopic camera at WSMR/NS. 

TV-#3{J) - Minicam imit installed in van equipped with microwave 
transmitter. 

TV-#5(J) - Studio camera unit installed in van. 

TV Chase #2 - Minicam unit installed in chase aircraft equipped 
with microwave transmitter. 

TV Tracker - DFRC Radar directed monochrome camera with 
telescopic lens. 

VTR Playback - Output of four Video Release Network videotape 
recorders in the network control room. 

Film Slide System - Output of the Video Release Network film chain 
in the network control room. 

OTV - Selected from 60 OTV monochrome camera locations. 

TV Tracker - Air Force long range monochrome tracking camera. 

Engineering video sources will include (TBD). 

3.4.1.3 Distribution 

NASA Select, the output of the sequencing switcher in the Press Site News 
Center network control room, will flow through the KSC Commtmications Switching 
and Distribution Center to the GSTDN site at MILA, then to the RCA Earth Station 
for commercial satellite relay service. Primary distribution of the PAO Video 
Release Network via satellite will include the Johnson Space Center, the Dryden 
Flight Research Center, the Goddju^ Space Flight Center and NASA Headquarters, 
AT&T CTO in Los Angeles and New York City. Distribution of the PAO Video 
Release Network to the Marshall Space Flight Center will be via AT&T terrestrial 
service. 

NASA Select will be distributed at the Press Site News Center and the Press 
Viewing Site and will flow through the Communications Distribution and Switching 
Center to the RCA KSC Earth Station. 



3-15 



NASA Select will also flow through Communications Distribution and 
Switching Center for on-site distribution to the KSC Visitor Information Center. 

Direct media access to NASA Select will be provided at the Broadcast 
Interface through a distribution system of 21 amplifiers. This distribution system 
will also provide for media access to uninterrupted feeds of all of the individual 
circuits originating at KSC, as well as five of the B&W operational circuits. 



3.4.1.4 Commimications 



The Executive Producer will coordinate Video Release Network activities 
with the Director of Public Affairs, the STS Public Affairs Officer, the KSC, JSC, 
DFRC and MSFC Public Affairs Officers and other Headquarters and Center public 
affairs managers and siq>ervisors on the PAO COORD circuit. 

He will coordinate with the Audio Release Network and PAO Commentators 
on PAO CUE and PAO ENGINEERING. 

The Executive Producer will plan and exercise control of Video Release 
Network distribution activities on the VIDEO OPERATIONS circuit. His principal 
media interface will be the TV NETWORK COORDINATION circuit. 

The Head of the Headquarters Audio Visual Section, as Producer/Director of 
Vided Release Network Launch Operations coverage, will implement Network 
progijamming plans and direct the activities of the Network production staff on the 
(TBD) circuit, which will be transmitted by repeater to all mobile units. He will 
coordinate and communicate with the airborne unit in TV Chase as neceesary 
through the TV Chase Technical Director on two VHP- AM channels. 

The RCA Technical Director will implement Network technical 
requirements, direct the activities of engineering and stq>port personnel, and 
coordinate with other Centers, on the (TBD), PAO ENGINEERING and VIDEO 
OPERATIONS circuits. 



3.4.1.5 Coveretge Scenario 



Primary Mission Verification Test, pre-launch and launch operations 
coverage will be produced with the complement of ground-based, mobile and 
airborne cameras located at KSC. Deployment during the Flight Readiness Firing 
emd Mission Verification Test simulations and other pre-launch activities will 
conform to the plan for actual launch preparations and launch. 

Continuous coverage of the STS-1 launch configuration will be provided by 
TV-#7(K) at UCS #2, TV-#3{K) at UCS #4, TV-#4{K) on the VAB roof and TV-#5(K) 
at UCS #15. 

Control room activities will be covered by FR 1 and FR 2 at KSC and MOCR 
#1 and MOCR #2 at JSC. 

Crew activities at the Operations and Check-out Building will be covered by 
TV-#1(K) and TV-#2(K). 

After the crew has departed O&C, TV-#2(K) will move to the Shuttle 
Landing Facility and take \xp a position in the RTLS landing operations convoy, 

3-16 



while TV-#6(K) cdvers RTLS preparations from the MDD. TV-#1(K) will move to 
the Press Site News Center to cover status reports or other pre-launch activities 
there as appropriate. 

Crew arrived at the launch pad will be covered by cameras assigned to the 
launch coverage configuration, and coverage of crew egress will be provided by TV- 
#8{K), the camera in the White Room. 

As appropriate during the countdown, coverage sequences will be developed 
to illustrate and describe RTLS preparations at KSC and AOA preparations at 
WSMR/NS. TV Chase #1 would be airborne at KSC during the production of this 
sequence at that location. TV Chase #2 would not be airborne at WSMR under 
nominal circumstances. 

Other coverage from JSC and WSMR/NS will be developed and integrated 
into pre-launch and launch covereige as circumstances warrant. 

At launch, in addition to the color coverage of the cameras identified above, 
monochrome coverage will also be available from the KSC Operational Television 
System and the PAFB Air Force long-range tracking camera. 

Immediately after launch, TV-#1(K) will move to the SLF Viewing Site. TV- 
#3(K) and TV-#5(K) will leave their launch coverage positions and move to the 
Press Site News Center to provide coverage of briefings, news conferences and 
other activities as required. 

Flight Control coverage will be provided by MOCR #1 and MOCR #2 at JSC. 

Direction and control of the Video Release Network will remain at KSC, 
incorporating JSC and WSMR/NS elements, until after it has been determined that 
it will not be necessary to return to the launch site to land or to abort the flight 
and land at WSMR/NS after once arovmd the Earth. 

Continuous coverage of the launch phase of the flight is expected to total 
approximately (TBD) hours. 

3.4.2 FUGHT OPERATIONS PHASE 

3.4.2.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Video Release Network will shift from KSC to 
JSC during the first LOS after a nominad orbit is assured. The Executive Producer 
will depart the network control room when nominal operation of the Payload Bay 
Doors is assured. (TBD) will exercise control of the network when the Executive 
Producer is out of contact while in transit from KSC to JSC, and again while he is 
in transit to DFRC. Until such time as the Executive Producer can assume his 
responsibilities, the (TBD) will determine the selection of programming sequences 
and content. 

.4.2.2 Video Facilities, Equipment and Personnel 

Control of the PAO Video Release Network at JSC will be located at the 
PAO Console in the Mission Operations Control Room. The facility will be 
designed, installed and maintained by Ford Aerospace under contract to the JSC 

3-17 



Ground Data Systems Division. New equipment purchases will be funded by 
coordinated DTMS Jmd Shuttle Program funding. AV Corporation personnel will 
execute Video Release Network programming decisions imder the supervision of the 
JSC Public Affairs Office. 

Video Release Network activities at the PAO console will require three 
individually controllable program outputs from the MCC 525-Line Switcher to 
process 20 program sources as follows: 

JSC Select - Sequenced output to the RCA Americom Earth Station, 
th4 Telco television link outbound from JSC, and, during the Flight 
Operations Mission Phase, to the JSC Broadcast Interface in Building 
2. During Flight Operations, JSC Select and NASA Select are one and 
the same. 

PAO-1 - Sequenced output to be displayed in the JSC News Center and 
Press Center in Building 2 and also made available at the JSC 
Broadcast Interface. 

PAO-2 - Sequenced output routed to the JSC Broadcast Interface in 
order to distribute special program sources and other material not 
otherwise available at the interface. 

Sequencing of flight operations coverage will utilize a total of four ground 
based and six arbiter cameras, f oiu: of which will be field sequential color and two 
monochrome. 

Ground based cameras in the Mission Operations Control Room, provided by 
JSC Groimd Data Systems Division under DTMS and Shuttle Program fimding, will 
be: 

MOCR #1 - Remote controlled minicam unit covering activities in the 
Mission Operations Control Room from rear locations. 

MOCR #2 - Remote controlled minicam imit covering activities in the 
Mission Operations Control Room from front locations. 

Other production sources will include: 

Color Spacecraft Video - Facility which converts output of four 
orbiter field sequential cameras to color. 

ID Code O - Field sequential camera located in the cabin. 

ID Code 8 - Field sequential camera located in the cabin. 

ID Code 7 - Field sequential camera located in the Cargo Bay on 
starboard side of the forward bulkhead. 



3-18 



ID Code 5 - Field sequential camera located in the Cargo Bay on 
the port side of the aft bulkhead. 

ID Code 13 - Video cassette recorder, playback of video from four 
color and two B&W spacecraft cameras. 

B&W Spacecraft Video - Output of two orbiter monochrome cameras: 

ID Code 1 - Camera located in the Cargo Bay on the port side of 
the foward bulkhead. 

ID Code 2 - Camera located in the Csurgo Bay on the starboard 
side of the aft bulkhead. 

PAO Return - Sequenced output of grotmd based cameras used to 
provide coverage of briefings, news conferences and other mission 
related activities. 

TV-#6(J) - Studio camera located in the News Center briefing 
room. 

TV-#7(J) - Camera located in the Press Center Auditorium. 
Note: TV-#6(J) and TV-#7(J) will be used to provide two camera 
coverzige from either location when required. The cameras will 
be installed and operated by Taft contractor persoimel and 
sequenced into Video Network coverage at the PAO Console in 
the Mission Operations Control Room. 

TV-#8(J) - Minicam imit assigned to cover simulation and training 
activities in the Water Immersion Facility, the SAIL Simulator, 
the Shuttle Mission Simulator, the One-G Trainers, etc. 

VTR Playback, Bldg. 8 - Output of six Video Release Network 
videotape recorders. 

VTR Playback #1, Bldg. 30 - Output of Flight Operations videotape 
recorder. 

VTR Playback #2, Bldg. 30 - Output of Flight Operations videotape 
recorder. 

Clock - Mission time. 

Displays - Mission status. 

Special Effects Generator - Video effects. 

Telewriter - Graphics and Captions. 

RCA Americom - Unprocessed spacecraft video incoming via 
satellite from HAW, GDS and MIL GSTDN sites and Video Release 
Network supporting feeds from KSC and DFRC. 

Telco - Unprocessed spacecraft video incoming via terrestrial link 

3-19 



from MAD GSTDN site and Video Release Network programming from 
WSMR/NS when Northrup Strip is configured for nominal landing. 

Engineering video sources will include two frame synchronizers and a test 
signal/MCC identifier. 



3.4.Z.3 Distribution 



NASA Select will flow from Building 30 to the RCA Americom JSC Earth 
Station for satellite relay service to the Kennedy Space Center, the Dryden Flight 
Research Center, the Goddard Space Flight Center and NASA Headquarters, AT&T 
CTO in Los Angeles and New York City. 

NASA Select will flow through Building 8 to Building 2 for distribution 
throughout the News Center and the Press Center and to the Broadcast Interface. 

In addition to the NASA Select video, broadcast users will have access to 
clean feeds of the individual JSC video sources routed through PAO #1 and PAO 
#2. MOCR #1, MOCR #2 and Mission Time Clock will be available direct to 
broadcast users. 



3.4.2.4 Communications 



The Executive Producer and the (TBD) will coordinate Video Release 
Network activities with the Director of Public Affairs, the STS Public Affairs 
Officer, the KSC, JSC, DFRC and MSFC Public Affairs Officers and other 
Headquarters and Center public affairs managers and supervisors on the PAO 
COORD circuit. 

They will coordinate with the Audio Relesise Network and PAO 
Commentators on PAO CUE and PAO ENGINEERING. 

The Executive Producer and the (TBD) will coordinate the plamning, 
scheduling and release requirements for orbiter video with the STS TV Working 
Group on the VIDEO OPERATIONS voice circuit, and with the Flight Control Team 
on the MOCR TELEVISION circuits. Groimd processing amd handling of orbiter 
video will be coordinated with the MCC Television Support Team and the Center 
Operations Team on the MOCR TELEVISION circuit. 

The (TBD), as Producer/Director of Video Release Network Flight 
Operations coverage, will implement Network programming plans and direct the 
activities of the Network staff on the VIDEO OPERATIONS and TELEVISION 
circuits. 



The AV Corporation Technical Director will implement Network technical 
requirements, direct the activities of engineering and support personnel, and 
coordinate with other Centers on the PAO ENGINEERING and TELEVISION 
circuits. 

The Executive Producer and the (TBD) will plan «md exercise control of 
Video Release Network distribution activities on the VIDEO OPERATIONS circuit. 

The principal media interface will be the (TBD) circuit. 



3-20 



3.4.Z.5 Coverage Scenar io 

The PAO Video Release Network will operate on a scheduled basis during the 
Flight Operations phase of the mission. 

The Network will be activated during periods when on-orbit video coverage 
will be relayed to JSC, when it is appropriate to repeat on-orbit coverage already 
received at JSC, and when major mission events, status reports or news conferences 
warrant such attention. 

At all othe^ times, Video Release Network activities will be confined to 
coverage of the Missioii Operations Control Room and change of shift briefiiigs for 
on-site distribution to Ihe News Center, Press Center and Broadcast Interface at 
JSC. 

Primary Flight Operations Phase network coverage will be sequenced with 
the output of the cnrbiter television system and the complement of ground-based 
Cameras located at JSC. Secondary coverage will be provided by other Centers if it 
becomes necessary or appropriate to do so during the course of the mission. 

On-orbit video coverage will be relayed to JSC as scheduled in the Crew 
Activities Plan, subject to plaiming revisions, as follows: 



APPROX MET 



00/01:32-01:34 



EST 

8:02 AM - 8:04 AM 



00/01:37-01:43 
00/01:53-01:57 

00/07:57-08:01 



8:07 AM - 8:13 AM 



8:23 AM - 8:27 AM 



2:27 PM - 2:31 PM 



ACTIVITY 

Payload Bay 
Door latch 
tests, ddor 
tests, 
radiator 
deployment 
tests, 

opening and 
closing. (GDS). 

Continuation 
of above. (MIL). 

Continuation 
of above. 
(MAD). 

Pilot on mid- 
deck, 
preparing 
meal.(TBD) 



3-21 



APPRO X MET 



EST 



ACTIVITY 



00/12:25 - 12:32 



6:55 PM - 7:02 PM 



01/00:02-00:09 



6:32 AM - 6:39 AM 



01/01:30-01:37 



8:00 AM - 8:07 AM 



3.4.3 
3.4.3.1 



Commander 
and Pilot 
give status 
report on day's 
operations and 
compare STS 
vehicle and 
activities with 
previous 
launch 
systems. 
(TBD). 

Commander 
checks out 
flight control 
system. (TBD). 

Flight 
controllers in 
MCC check 
out ground 
controls for 
Payloard Bay 
cameras. 
Views of 
Payload Bay 
interior 
spacecraft 
exterior and 
Earth. (TBD) 

Other flight operations and crew activities will be recorded on-boaurd the 
or biter and may be relayed to JSC as opportunities occur diuring the mission. 
Additional PAO Video Release Network programming will be scheduled as 
necessary to distribute such coverage. 

Coverage of major mission events, status reports and news conferences will 
be planned and scheduled in real-time. 

NOMINAL LANDING AND POST-LANDING OPERATIONS AT DFRC 

Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Video Release Network will shift from JSC to 
DFRC after the last pass over the Guam tracking station prior to landing. The 
Deputy Director of Public Affairs, as PAO Video Release Network Executive 
Producer, will exercise control of the network at DFRC and determine the 
selection of programming sequences and content. 



3-22 



3.4. 3. Z Video Facilities, Equipment and Personnel 

The PAO Video Release Network Control Room at DFRC will be located in 
Room 3000 B of the Administration Building. The facility will be designed, 
installed and operated by Taft Broadcasting imder a JSC Center Operations support 
services contract. New equipment ptirchases will be fimded by the JSC STS 
Program Office. Existing equipment will be requisitioned from JSC, KSC and 
DFRC inventories. 

The Video Network sequencing switcher will have an input capacity of 20 
sources. 

Sequencing of approach and landing coverage will utilize a total of nine 
cameras. Six of these units, provided by JSC Center Operations with STS Program 
Office funding, will be designed and operated by Taft: 

TV-#1(J) - Studio camera unit installed in van equipped with 
microwave transmitter. 

TV-#2(J) - Minicam unit installed in van equipped with microwave 
transmitter. 

TV-#3(J) - Minicam unit installed in van equipped with microwave 
transmitter. 

TV-#4(J) - Minicam unit only. 

TV Chase #1 - Minicam unit installed in chase aircraft equipped with 
microwave transmitter. 

TV Helicopter - Minicam unit removed from backup chase aircraft 
and installed in an Air Force helicopter equipped with microwave 
tremsmitter for airborne coverage of landing site. 

Two camerais will be provided by DFRC: 

LRO - The DFRC Long Range Optics tracking camera required for 
range support. 

TV-#1(D) - A minicam unit installed in a van equipped with a 
microwave trsmsmitter and staffed by DFRC (TBD). 

One camera will be provided by the Western Test Range: 

Santa Ynez TV - An Air Force long range monochrome tracking 
camera located on Semta Ynez Peak. 

Other production sources will include: 

ACF Return - Output of six videotape recorders in the Audio Control 
Facility. 



3-23 



JSC Select - Terrestrial link for coverage of Mission Operations 
Control Room activities, status briefings and news conferences at 
JSC. 

RCA Americom - PAO Video Release Network programming return 
from the satellite via Buckhom ground station. 

Engineering video sources will include a status clock, a test pattern, color 
bars and black. 



3.4.3.3 Distribution 



NASA Select, the output of the Video Release Network switcher, will flow to 
the RCA Americom Interface, DFRC Headquarters Building 4800. Primary 
distribution of the PAO Video Release Network via satellite will include the 
Johnson Space Center, the Kennedy Space Center, the Goddaurd Space Flight Center 
and NASA Headquarters, AT&T CTO in Los Angeles and New York City. 

NASA Select will flow through the Audio Control Facility trailer to the 
Institutional Support Facility for distribution to six monitors in the DFRC Working 
Press Center, (TBD) monitors in the News Center, (TBD) in the Public Affairs 
offices, and 3Z distribution amplifiers for the broadcast media covering the landing 
at DFRC. 

NASA Select will also flow through (TBD) to a leased facility which will 
transmit it by microwave to monitors at the Guest Viewing Site and the Press 
Viewing Site. 

In addition to the NASA Select video, broadcast users will have access to 
clean feeds of the key individual video sources. TV-#1(J), TV-#2(J), TV-#3(J), 
TV-#4(J), TV Chase/TV Helicopter, and LRO will each be released at the 
Institutional Support Facility on eight distribution amplifiers. TV-#1(D), Semta Ynez 
TV zmd JSC Select will be released on a time shared basis through a second 
switchable release circuit. 



3.4.3.4 Communications 



The Executive Producer will coordinate Video Releeise Network activities 
with the Director of Public Affairs, the STS Public Affairs Officer, the DFRC, JSC, 
KSC and MSFC Public Affairs Officers and other Headquarters and Center public 
affairs managers and supervisors on the PAO COORD circuit. 

He will coordinate with the Audio Releeise Network and PAO Commentators 
on PAO CUE and PAO ENGINEERING. 

He will coordinate with the OFT Manager on the OFT MANAGER circuit and 
with the TV Operations Coordinator and others as necessary on LANDING FIELD 1, 

The Executive Producer will plan and exercise control of Video Releeise 
Network distribution activities on the VIDEO OPERATIONS circuit. His principal 
media interface will be the TV NETWORK COORDINATION circuit. 



3-24 



The Taft FVoducer/Director will implement Network programming plans and 
direct the activities of the Nftwork production staff on the TV DIRECTOR circuit, 
which will extend to the mobile units and the lakebed TV Photo Coordinator by VHF 
2-way radio. The Taft Technical Director will communicate with the airborne imits 
on TV Chase and TV Helicopter on assigned VHF frequencies. 

The Taft Technical Director will implement Network technical 
requirements, direct the activities of engineering and support personnel, and 
coordinate with other Centers, on the TV ENGINEERING, PAO ENGINEERING and 
TV CONFERENCE circuits. 



3.4.3.5 Coveretge Scenario 



Primary landing site coverage will be developed with the complement of 
airborne, mobile and groimd-based cameras located at DFRC and Ssmta Ynez. 

JSC will continue to provide supporting coverage of the Mission Operations 
Control Room, status briefings and other activities as required during re-entry, 
landing, crew egress and the post-flight period. The local camera sources will be 
integrated at JSC, at the direction of the PAO Video Release Network producer at 
DFRC, and transmitted to DFRC via terrestrial tircuit to be incorporated in the 
NASA Select programming. 

Weather permitting, the Air Force long range monochrome tracking camera 
will provide the first view of the incoming orbiter. This coverJige will begin 
approximately 10 minutes prior to landing, when the orbiter, at a ground speed of 
6,500 MPH is at an altitude of 160,000 feet and a distance of 180 miles off shore. 
The Santa Ynez video will be transmitted to DFRC via terrestrial circuit and 
sequenced in the NASA Select programming as appropriate. 

Approximately five minutes prior to landing, at an altitude of 80-100,000 
feet, the orbitor will come within range of the Long Range Optics color camera at 
DFRC. This coverage will overlap with the first view of the orbiter from the TV 
Chase #1 airborne camera. 

As the orbiter approaches Rogers Dry Lake, at an adtitude of approximately 
50,000 feet, it will come within view of the three mobile camera units. TV-#1(J) 
will be located on the lakebed, near the planned touchdown point. TV-#2(J) will be 
with the landing operations Convoy in a staging imit near the west edge of the 
lakebed. TV-#3(J) will be at the east edge of the lakebed. (See Attachment (1)) 

TV Chase #1 will continue to provide airborne coverage of the orbiter as it 
approaches the lakebed and lands. TV-#1(J), TV-#3(J) and the LRO camera will 
provide ground-based coverage of the approach and landing. 

TV-#4(J) located on the DFRC Administration building, will provide support 
coverage of activities in that immediate area. 

TV -(TBD) will provide intermittent coverage of the activities in the DFRC 
Flight Operations Control Room on a non-interference basis. 

Vehicles in the lamding operations Convoy will deploy to positions near the 
orbiter during rollout. TV-#2(J) will then begin to provide close-in coverage of the 
activities associated with preparations for crew egress. 



3-25 



When TV Chase #1 coverage ends, the Air Force helicopter will begin to 
provide general airborne covercige of the landing site and other nearby locations. 

TV -(TBD) will move to (TBD) to provide coverage of activities at Edwards 
Ground Operations Control on a non-interference basis. 

Safety considerations which govern vehicle movement and proximity to the 
orbiter will dictate that TV-#1(J) and TV-#3(J) remain at a distance during 
landing. Immediately after touchdown, TV-#3(J) moves to within 700' of the orbiter 
while TV-#1(J) continues coverage of the overall scene. TV-#2(J) will move in to 
become a hand-held, walk-auround camera at the 700' radius. TV-#1 will then re- 
position to within 1,000' of the orbiter. (See Attachment (Z)) 

In the event the orbiter lands at another location on the lakebed, TV-#2(J) 
will provide close-in coverage from the site as soon as the Convoy is deployed to 
the area. TV-S^3{J) and TV-#1(J) will obtain Edwards Ground Controller clearance 
to move near the landing site through the TV Operations Coordinator and proceed 
to new locations determined by safety considerations and appropriate sim angles. 

Approximately 45 minutes after nominal landing, all three camer£is will 
provide coverage of crew egress, orbiter inspection and crew departure. 

When the crew leaves the lauiding site, TV-#2(J) will accompany the van to 
the medical facility, providing coverage en route ais appropriate. The anival of 
the crew at the medical facility and activities there will also be covered by TV- 

#4 (J) 

TV-#3(J) will leave the lakebed after covering the crew departure emd will 
then be the first unit available for coverage of status briefings, a post-flight news 
conference, crew activities, or other events as required. 

TV-#1(J) will continue to provide coverage of activities associated with the 
orbiter while it remains on the ladtebed and as it is towed to the DFRC hang£ur 
approximately 75-80 minutes after landing. 

Sequencing of NASA Select video incorporating DFRC and JSC elements will 
continue until the orbiter has been removed from the lakebed, the crew has 
departed DFRC, and post-flight briefings and news conferences at both DFRC and 
JSC have been concluded. Continuous coverage of this phase of the flight is 
expected to total approximately four hours. 

3.4.4 RETURN TO LAUNCH SITE ABORT AND LANDING 

3.4.4.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibiiity for the PAO Video Releeise Network will be retained at KSC. 
JSC will continue to provide supporting coverage from JSC as required. 

The Executive Producer will exercise control of the network at KSC and will 
determine the selection of programming sequences and content. 



3-26 



3.4.4.2 Video Facilities, Equipment and Personnel 

There will be no change in production facilities and personnel as described 
for nominal Pre-Launch Activities and Launch Operations except to delete 
WSMR/NS and DFRC coverage. 

Shuttle Landing Facility video from KSC will be provided by Video Network 
mobile imits as repositioned for RTLS coverage, TV Chase, and TV-#6 instailled on 
the Mate/DeMate Device. 

3.4.4.3 Distribution 

Distribution as configured for nominal Pre-Laimch Activities and Launch 
Operations will be retained. 

3.4.4.4 Communications 

Communication eis configured for nominal Pre-Launch Activities and Launch 
Operations will be retained. 

3.4.4.5 Coverage Scenario 

Primary RTLS coverage will be produced with the complement of airborne, 
mobile and ground-based cameras located at KSC and Patrick AFB. JSC will 
continue to provide coverage of the Mission Operations Control Room, status 
briefings and other activities as required during the handing, crew egress and post- 
flight period. The local camera sources will be integrated at JSC, at the direction 
of the PAO Video Release Network Executive Producer at KSC, and transmitted to 
KSC via terrestrial circuit to be incorporated in the NASA Select programming. 

The TV Tracker will re-establish coverage of the incoming orbiter at (TBD) 
feet, (TBD) miles off shore, at approximately (TBD) prior to touchdown. 

Within (TBD) minutes, at an altitude of 30,000 to 40,000 feet, the orbiter 
will come within range of the TV Chase #1 airborne camera. 

As the orbiter approaches the Shuttle Landing Facility, at an altitude of 
approximately (TBD) feet, it will come within view of TV-#l(K) and TV-#6(K) at the 
runway and TV-#4(K) on the VAB roof. 

During rollout, vehicles in the landing operations convoy will deploy to 
positions near the orbiter. TV-#2(K) will then begin to provide close-in covereige of 
the activities associated with preparations for crew egress. 

When the crew leaves the landing site, TV (TBD) will accompsmy the van to 
(TBD) and provide coverage from that location as required. TV (TBD)(K) , TV-#4(K) 
and TV-#6{K) will continue to cover the activities at the Shuttle Landing Facility 
until the orbiter it towed to the OPF. 

TV-#3(K) and TV-#5(K) will provide coverage of briefings, news conferences 
and other activities at the Press Site News Center as required. 



3-27 



Flight contiol coverage will be provided by MOCR #1 and MOCR #2 at JSC, 
and post-flight brifefings and news conferences will be covered by TV-#6(J) and TV- 
#7 (J). 

Sequencing of NASA Select video incorporating KSC and JSC elements will 
continue until the orbiter has been towed from the runway, the crew status has 
iieen established, and post-flight briefings eoid news conferences at both KSC and 
JSC have been concluded. 

3.4.5 AOA LANDING AND POST-LANDING OPERATIONS AT NORTHRUP STRIP 

3.4.5.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Video Release Network will remain with KSC 
through landing emd post-landing operations. The Executive Producer at KSC will 
exercise control of the network and determine the selection of programming 
sequences and content. 

JSC will provide supporting coverage of flight control activities, briefings 
and news conferences at JSC. 

3.4.5.2 Video Facilities, Equipment amd Personnel 

Video Network Control will be retained at KSC as configured for Launch 
Operations coverage. Coverage at JSC will remain the same as for Launch and 
Flight Operations. 

Video sources at the Northrup Strip landing site will include: 

TV-#3(J) - JSC minicam unit installed in van equipped with 
microwave transmitter, assigned to WSMR/NS from DFRC on standby 
for AOA coverage. 

TV-#5(J) - Minicam unit installed in van. 

TV Cheise #2 - JSC minicam unit installed in chase aircraft equipped 
with microwave transmitter, assigned to WSMR/NS from DFRC on 
standby for AOA coverage. 

One source will be provided by White Sands Missile Range; 

TV Tracker - Radar directed monochrome camera with telescopic 
lens. 

WSMR/NS video sources will be switched by a Taft Producer/Director in TV- 
#5 (J) and routed via terrestrial circuit to KSC to be incorporated into the NASA 
Select PAO Video Release. 

JSC switching responsibilities will remain the same as for Launch Operations 
coverage. 

'3.4.5.3 Distribution 

Distribution will remain as configured for Launch Opeations coverage. 

3-28 



3.4.5.4 Communications 



Communication will remain as configured for Launch Operations 
sequencing. The Video Operations circuit will be restricted to communications 
between the E::ecutive Producer at KSC and the Producer/Director at WSMR/NS. 

3.4.5.5 Coverztge Scenario 

Primary AOA landing site coverage will be produced with the complement of 
airborne, mobile emd grovmd-based cameras located at Northrup Strip. JSC will 
continue to provide supporting coverage of the Mission Control Center, status 
briefings and other activities ais required during the landing, crew egress and post- 
flight period. 

The TV Tracker will establish coverage of the incoming orbiter at (TBD) 
feet, (TBD) miles out, approximately (TBD) prior to touchdown. 

Rendezvous with TV Cheise, at an altitude of (TBD) feet, will occur (TBD) 
prior to touchdown. 

As the orbiter approaches Northrup Strip, at an altitude of approximately 
(TBD) feet, it will come within view of TV-#3(J) and TV-#5(J) operating near the 
planned touchdown point. 

After rollout, TV-#3(J) will move to a position near the orbiter to provide 
close-in coverage of the activities associated with prepaurations for crew egress and 
will remain there to cover egress and crew departure. 

When the crew leaves the landing site by helicopter for Hollomem AFB, 
coverage from the landing site will conclude except for such operational 
requirements as may be developed at the time. 

3.4.6 NOMINAL LANDING AND POST-LANDING OPERATIONS AT WSMR/NS 

3.4.6.1 Network Responsibility and Control 

Responsibility for the PAO Video Releeuse Network will shift from JSC to 
WSMR/NS after the last pass over the Guam tracking station prior to landing. The 
Deputy Directpr of Public Affairs, as Executive Producer, will exercise control of 
the network at WSMR/NS and will determine the selection of programming 
sequences and content. 

3.4.6.2 Video Facilities, Equipment and Personnel 

Elements of the Video Release Network capability established by JSC at 
DFRC will be relocated to WSMR/NS as required for Network operations and 
coverage there. 

The sequencing facility will be housed in the TV-#5(J) trailer located at 
Northrup Strip. The coverage of approach amd landing will be switched at the 
WSMR/NS facility and routed by terrestrisd circuit via Los Angeles to the RCA 

3-29 



Americom South Mountain Earth Station for Video Releeise Network satellite 
distribution. 

Approach and landing coverage will utilize a total of (TBD) cameras installed 
ajid operated by Taft Broadcasting under JSC Center Operations support services 
contract: 

TV-#1(J) - Studio camera unit installed in van equipped with 
microwave transmitter. 

TV-#2(J) - Minicam unit installed in van equipped with microwave 
trcmsmitter. 

TV-#3(J) - Minicam imit installed in van equipped with microwave 
transmitter. 

'n'*-#4(J) - Minicam unit. 

TV-#5(J) - Studio camera located near the Northrup Stip runway 
intersection. 

TV Chase #1 - Minicam unit installed in chase aircraft equipped with 
microwave transmitter. 

TV Helicopter -Minicam unit removed from back-up chase aircraft 
and installed in an Air Force helicopter equipped with microwave 
transmitter for airborne coverage of landing site. 

One camera will be provided by White Sauids Missile Range: 

TV Tracker - Radar directed monochrome camera with telescopic 
lens. 

Other video sources will include: 

JSC Select - Terrestrial link for coverage of Mission Operations 
Control Room activities status briefings and news conferences at 
JSC. 

VTR Playback - Output of (TBD) videotape recorders located in the 
production trailer. 

Engineering video sources will include (TBD). 

3.4.6.3 Distribution 

NASA Select, the output of the PAO Video Release Network, will originate 
at TV-#5(J). Video sources at WSMR/NS will be integrated there and routed to Los 
Angeles via terrestrial circuit to be distributed via RCA Americom satellite to the 
Johnson Space Center, the Kennedy Space Center, the Dryden Flight Reseach 
Center, the Goddard Space Flight Center and NASA Headquarters, AT&T CTO in 
Los Angeles and New York City 

Distribution at WSMR/NS will be limited to (TBD). 

3-30 



3.4.6.4 Communications 

(TBD) 

3.4.6.5 Coverzige Scenario 

(TBD) 

3.5. IMPLEMENT ATlbN PLAN FOR VOICE COMMUNICATION 

The Public Affairs Voice Communication Network will employ four duplex 
circuits for the manaigement and coordination of Audio and Video Release Network 
operations during orbital flight tests. 

The circuits will be funded, acquired, installed «md maintained as elements 
of the STS Operational Voice Commxmications System. Configuration amd access 
requirements will be identified amd defined as described below and submitted to the 
STS Intercenter Communications Working Group for implementation by (TBD) at 
JSC. 

3.5.1 Network Configuration 

Public Affairs Voice Communication Network circuits will be identified, 
defined emd configured as described in Attachment (3). 

3.5.2 Access 

Authorization for access terminations on these circuits will be based upon 
the requirements validation processes of the interorganizational STS Support 
Requirments Management and Documentation System contained in NMI 8610.10. 
Access will be controlled in accordance with NMI 8610.10, Control of Access to 
Operational Voice Communications Circuits - Space Shuttle Program. 

Initial retwork termination requirements will be determined, stated and 
authorized by the Public Affairs Telecommunications Working Group. Requests for 
access not authorized at the initial network configuration must be submitted to the 
Headquarters Public Affairs Officer, Space Transportation Systems, for review and 
approval by the STS Public Affairs Telecommunications Working Group prior to 
documenting the requirement in the interorganizational or intraorganizational 
requirements documentation system. Only properly validated and documented 
requirements for access will be approved and implemented. 

In no case will termination requirements be approved for imsupervised 
locations which are frequently unattended in the absence of Public Affairs 
personnel with assigned dissemination responsibilities or which might otherwise 
provide unauthorized access to the Public Affairs Voice Commimication Network. 

Authorized circuit terminations will be published as Appendix (TBD) of this 
plan. The Chairman of the STS Public Affairs Telecommunications Working Group 
will maintain, update, and distribute current documentation of authorized access 
terminations as necessary for both internal and external publication. 



3-31 



3.5.3 Piscipline 



The Public Affairs Voice Communications Network will be used for STS-1 
operational Public Affairs communications. It will not be used as an alternate to 
the FTS system for routine communications. 

Call signs will be assigned to all stations on the network and to key 
personnel. Only listed call signs will be used. 

Vbice communications will be disciplined to assure efficient utilization and 
eliminate imnecessary traffic which would create confusion during time-critical 
operations. 

The use of PAO COORD will be prioritized as follows for the purpose of 
restricting traffic during critical activities: 

PRIORITY 1 Director, Hqs Public Affairs Division 

STS Public Affairs Operations Manager 
Executive Producer, PAO Video Release 
Network 

DFRC Director of Public Affairs 
JSC Director of Public Affairs 
KSC Director of Public Affairs 
MSFC Director of Public Affairs 
Launch/Mission Commentator 

PRIORITY 2 All Above plus: 

DFRC News Center Manager 
JSC News Center Manager 
KSC News Center Manager 
MSFC News Center Manager 

PRIORITY 3 All Authorized Users 

PRIORITY 1 Conditions automatically prevail T-5 minutes through ET SEP, 
during contingencies (including all abort modes), entry interface through 
landing rollout amd at other times when declared by the STS Public Affairs 
Operations Manager. 

PRIORITY 2 may be invoked by any party listed in that category. 

PRIORITY 3 prevails at all other times. 

During periods of high activity, the commentator may elect to drop off PAO 
COMM and/ or CUE circuits in order to adequately monitor LCC/MOCR and 
air/ground loops essential to his understanding of missions events. The AD on the 
console will screen all traffic intended for the commentator, handling to a 
conclusion those matters over which he has control or knowledge and relaying 
messages to the commentator when appropriate. 



3-32 



The use of PAO CUE will be prioritized as follows for the purpose of 
restricting traffic during critical activities: 

PRIORITY 1 PAO Commentators 

Executive Producer, PAO Video Release 
Network 

Audio Release Network Technical 
Directors 

PRIORITY 2 Support Staff 

Priority 1 conditions will automatically prevail when the Audio Network is in 
a release mode. 

The use of VIDEO OPERATIONS will be prioritized as follows for the 
purpose of restricting traffic during critical activities: 

PRIORITY 1 Executive Producer, PAO Video Release 

Network 

PAO Commentators 
STS TV Working Group Chairman 
Video Network Producers, Directors 
and Technical Directors 

i' 

PRIORITY 2 Support Staff 

Priority 1 conditions will automatically prevail when the Video Network is in 
a release mode. 



3-33 



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3-36 



4.0 PROTOCOL OPERATIONS 

4.1 FOREWORD 



The guest operations will require Public Affairs to support major guest 
activities at KSC for launch and landing at DFRC and - in later missions - 
eventually KSC landings. Staffing and logistics for a contingency also will be 
required at White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), in the event of either mission 
abort or an end-of-mission recovery. 

4.2 GUEST ACTIVITIES 

This plan covers guest activities for the scheduled STS-1 launch at 
Kennedy Space Center, landing at Dryden Flight Research Center, and alternate 
landings at KSC and White Sands Missile Range. With at least 30 days notice 
NASA will establish a guest operation center at WSMR. 

Beginning with STS-1, an agency-wide program for handling NASA guests 
will be in effect. It will be staffed by Public Affairs Protocol Officers from 
KSC, JSC, DFRC, MSFC, and augmented by non-P.A. staffing with overall 
coordination by Headquarters Public Affedrs. 

The plan calls for the invitation and accommodation of the following 
guest categories for launches and landings. 

4.2.1 DISTINGUISHED GUESTS 

1. A select group of White House, Congressional, International, Cabinet, DOD 
and other federal officials to be invited by the Administrator to fly on NASA- 
chartered aircraft to KSC, observe the launch, then to JSC amd then to DFRC (or 
White Szmds) for the landing. A totir and briefing will be included at KSC, JSC 
and DFRC. Except for NASA-fumished transportation, guests will peurticipate at 
their own expense. 

2. KSC only - need decision on number. 

3. DFRC only - fly from LA? bus? other? 

4.2.2 SPECIAL GUESTS 

Headquarters nominees (guests of the Administrator and Deputy 
Administrator), primarily individuals nominated for invitation by the associate 
administrators and the directors of the NASA centers. 

Associate administrators and center directors will be assigned a quota for 
each laimch and recovery. Their guest nominations will be submitted in advance 
to Public Services Branch for compilation into a Master Invitation List 
maintained at NASA Headquarters. (See 4.5, Timeline.) 

All special guests will be given the option of attending the launch and 
lemding and it is anticipated that acceptances may tend to follow geographic 



4-1 



lines, i.e.: eastern U.S. for the launch and far west for the landing. There may 
be many who will attend both. 

All guests will be invited by the Administrator and the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration. The mailing will include a printed 
invitation, a mission summary and a RSVP card. Specizd guests will be instructed 
to check into NASA Guest Services Center, at Cocoa Beach in Florida and/or the 
Antelope Valley Convention Center in Lancaster, California. Special guests will 
also be given the opportunity to tour and receive a briefing. 

NASA will accommodate 3,000 special guests at KSC for launch and 2,000 
for the DFRC landings. 

An invitation is defined as for one individual to view the launch amd/or 
landing. 

NASA-ftimished bus transportation will be provided for distinguished 
guests from the Guest Information Center to the viewing sites for both the 
laimch and lemding. However, specisd guests may elect to drive their own 
vehicles to public viewing sites. 



4.2.3 GENERAL PUBUC 



1. (Launch) Guests who provide their own transportation to the Kennedy 
Space Center and who may be accompanied by friendJs or relatives, including 
children of any age, will be accommodated at the following viewing sites: 

South I^kway -1,200 cars and 100 buses and oversized 

vehicles for a total of 10,000 viewers. 

Causeway -5,000 cars and an estimated 25,000 people. 

Swartz Road -100 buses only for charter groups - 5,000 people. 

2. (Landing) The public viewing site will be located on the east side of the 
dry lake bed. Up to forty thousand vehicles can be parked in that area. Most 
vehicle passes for the launch and landing will be mailed in advance. However, 
late requests for permits will be hamdled at the Guest Services Center in 
Lancaster, a satellite office in Bakersfield, and at the main gates at Edw£u-ds 
AFB. 



4.2.4 CONTRACTORS 



In accordance with and concurrence by the Space Shuttle Program Office, 
the following ground rules and contractor guest allocations have been 
formulated. 



4-2 



4.2.5 EMPLOYEES AND DEPENDENTS 

NASA and contractor employees and dependents will be accommodated as 
follows: 

Launcl l; KSC has been allocated 3,000 vehicle permits for issuance to its 
employees fmd to other NASA and contractor personnel who are on 
temporary duty or leave status. The Causeway and Parkway Viewing Sites 
are the primary viewing site for employees, dependents and the general 
public. 

Landing; NASA employees will view the landing from a site on the west 
side of the dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base. 



4-3 



GROUND RULES 

1) 300 total contractor guests. 

2) Major prime contractors are to invite contractors roughly in proportion to make or 
buy ritio. 

3) Each Center will be responsible for inviting their support contractor guests. 

4) Rockwell International Space Division and Rocketd3rne will be given a corporate 
allocation of 200 guests. 

5) Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) is to be considered one prime contractor with six sub- 
contractors. 

CONTRACTOR GUEST ALLOCATIONS 



RI/SD 




Rocketdyne 


200 


Martin/Marietta (ET) 


50 


SRB 


50 


Thiokol 


20 


MDAC 


10 


USBI 


8 


Bendix 


4 


Pioneer 


4 


Sundstreuid 


4 


CONTRACTOR BUSES (MAXIMUM ALLOCATION) 


RVSD & Rocketdyne 


10 


Thiokol 


2 


Martin/Marietta 


2 


USBI 


2 


MDAC 




IBM 




Lockheed 




Hamilton Standeu"d 




Honeywell 




I'RW 




Grumman 




General Dynamics? 




Vought 




P.R.C. 




Boeing 




Total of 27 





4-4 



4.3 SPECIAL GUEST INVITATIONS FOR LAUNCH AND LANDING 



STS CENTERS 




KSC 


300 


* JSC 


300 


MSFC 


200 


DFRC 


200 


STS CONTRACTORS 


300 


HEADQUARTERS OFFICES 




**L 


1000 


B 


50 


C 


325 


D 


25 


E 


75 


H 


25 


M 


150 


N 


50 


P 


25 


R 


75 


S 


75 


T 


50 


U 


175 


W 


50 


O 


150 


NON-STS CENTERS 




Ames 


50 


GSFC 


50 


JPL 


50 


LaRC 


50 


LeRC 


50 


WFC 


50 


NSTL 


50 




4,000 



* Includes Astronaut Guests 

** Absorbs International Affairs, DOD Affairs, Public Affairs, Government and Industry Affairs , 
University Affairs, and Speciad Groups which include NASA Advisory Council, STS Executives, 
Aerospace Advisory Group and the Aerospace Awareness Group (formerly MFA). 



4-5 



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4-6 



4.5 



PROPOSED TIMELINE 



The proposed titneUne is based on a mission occuring during or after fourth 
quarter of 1980: 



Launch minus IZO days 



Guidelines and quota memorandum 
to Headquarters and field 
installations and principed hardware 
contractors. 



Laimch minus 90 days 



Deadline for submission of special 
guest nominations to Headquarters 
Public Services Branch (LFF-12). 



Launch minvis 60 days 



Mailing of printed invitations to 
special guests. RSVP no later than 
T-30 days. 



Launch minus 30 days 



Mail vehicle passes for launch smd 
landing. 



Launch minus 30 days 



Letter of invitation from 
Administrator to selected group of 
distinguished guests to attend the 
launch and landing. 



4-7 



4.6 LAUNCH SLIPPAGE AND HOW GUEST OPERATIONS ARE AFFECTED 

As a matter of practice, all guests will be advised of the potential for launch 
slippage and postponement. 

The possibility of delays is spelled out in the invitations and accompanying 
information and vehicle passes. It will be incumbent on all guests (special, general 
public and NASA employees) to stay informed of laimch-related developments. 

Guests will be instructed to call the recorded status report lines operated at 
NASA Hec'.dquarters, and all STS centers for information and laimch status before 
making final travel arrangements. 

In addition, guests will be urged to look to the media for late-breaking 
developments concerning the launch and landings All credentials issued will remain 
valid vmtil completion of the event - launch or landing. 

Distinguished guests only will be notified by phone immediately of any 
changes in the laimch schedule. There will be an established system to remain in 
touch with these individuals to keep them advised of new schedule. 

The motels holding blocks of rooms for the Administrator's distinguished 
guests for laimch, mission and landing, do so with the understanding that there is 
always the possibility of a delay or a cancellation and rescheduling. In the event 
that motels in the immediate laimch and landing areas are unable to provide 
required rooms for the new launch/landing dates, aurrangements will be made to 
move the distinguished guests to motels in larger metropolitan areas, i.e., Orlando 
and Los Angeles. 

Guests would then be transported by plane directly to KSC or Edwards AFB 
and then bused to the viewing sites. 

Guest centers at launch, mission, landing and contingency sites will continue 
to operate and assist guests in the immediate hours following the aimouncement of 
a delay or postponement. For day-to-day slips, TDY personnel will remain on 
duty. If postponed, guest operations will close down and re-open at an appropriate 
time before the new launch date - usually three days. 



4-8 



4.7 GUEST ACnymES - KENNEDY SPACE CENTER 

4.7.1 PROTOCOL CONTROL CENTER 

The Protocol Control Center will be located at the KSC Headquarters 
Building beginning T-5 dayS) and will fvinction as a coordinating point for guest 
operations including distinguished guest status, logistics and airplane arrivals. 
Staffing positions will include: 



4.7.2 



Position 




Name 


Inst. 




Report 


Manager 




Arnold Richman 


KSC 




T-5 


NASA Headquarters 




Jeanne Gober 


HQS 




T-5 


Special Grot^ 
Coordinator 




Darleen Hunt 


KSC 




T-5 


Transportation 




To be determined 


KSC 




T-5 


Educational 
Services 




Ray Corey 


KSC 




T-5 


GUEST SERVICES CENTER 










A Guest Services Center will be established beginning T-3 
Beach to assist guests, issue credentials and resolve problems. 


days in 


Cocoa 



It will be staffed by Headquarters Public Affairs personnel and 
representatives from the STS centers as well as representatives from the Office of 
Legislative Affairs and International Affairs Division. The Cocoa Beach facility 
will accommodate special guests and special groiq>s, and handle requests for vehicle 
passes. 



4-9 



4.7.3 STAFFING: 








Position 


Name 


Inst. 


Report 


Mzmager 


Bill Taylor 


KSC 


T-5 


Assistant Mansiger 


To be determined 


HQS 


T-5 


Office of 
Legislative Affairs Representative 


To be determined 


HQS 


T-5 


International 
Affairs Division Representitive 


To be determined 


HQS 


T-5 


DOD Affairs 
Division Repesentative 


To be determined 


HQS 


T-5 


Receptionists - 
6 clerks/secretarial (badging) 




MSFC- 1 
KSC-3 
JSC- 1 
HQS-1 


T-5 


JSC Public Affairs Rep. 
& secretary to coordinate 
Astronaut Office requirements 


Bill der Bing JSC 
Secretary from Astronaut Office 


T-5 


MSFC Public 
Affairs Rep. 
& secretary 


Ed Schorsten MSFC 

& 

Secretary to be determined 


T-5 


4.7.4 VISITORS INFORMATION CENTER (VIC) 







A guest Courtesy Information Desk will be staffed by KSC personnel (to be 
determined) beginning T-3 days between the hours of 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. to 
furnish guests with launch information, etc. 

The VIC will be will be open only to NASA guests on launch day. Continuous 
briefings will be conducted in the facility's two theaters. It will close to the 
general public at 5:00 p.m. T-1 night and the main building, with its two theaters, 
will function as a briefing facility for distinguished guests. An Administrator's 
reception and buffet will follow. 



4-10 



4.7.5 GUEST VIEWING SITES 

1. Firing Room #4, Launch Control Center 

This viewing site will be restricted to the 150 Administrator's Distingmshed 
Guests, who will have the opportunity to view the launch from the firing room or 
roof of the LCC. The following will be available: 

a. Coffee 

b. Telephone (867 prefix) 

c. Point-to-point telephone connecting with Barge Terminal Guest Site. 

d. NASA video and audio release. 

2. Barge Basin Terminal Site 

This site will be restricted to 3,000 distinguished and special guests. 
Available at this site will be the following: 

a. Bleacher seating 

b. Parking area for 60 buses and 50 cars. 

c. Public address system, microphone for all on-site announcements, switching 
capability to provide NASA audio release through orbital insertion. 

d. Portable toilets in separate groups for men and women. 

e. Five (5) telephones (867 prefix) located at the Site Information Center. 

f. Point-tOT)oint telephone connecting with LC-39 press site. 

g. Point-to-point telephone connecting with PAO console in Operations 
Management Room (Control Room #1). 

h. Telephones connecting with LCC and other viewing sites. 

i. Ambulsmce and first add services and traffic control. 

j. Food serv^e aiijd souvenir sades. 

k. Special bleacher security, appropriate signs and control ropes. 



4-11 



3. Swgtrtz Road Viewing Site 

This site, located southwest of Launch Complex 39A, one-half mile south of the 
press site, will accommodate groins using chau'ter buses. It has the capacity for 100 
buses and 5,000 people. 

4. Parkway Viewing Site 

This is the prime guest (including family members and friends) viewing area. It 
extends along a stretch of Kennedy Parkway, accommodates 1,200 cars, 1,000 oversize 
vehicles and an estimated 10,000 people. Admission is by the proper NASA placard 
displayed in the wiiulshield of guests' vehicles. 

Portable toilets, NASA audio release with local public address input, traffic 
control, and food service will be available. 

5. NASA Causeway Viewing Site 

This site is primarily for NASA dependents and general public who cannot be 
accommodated on the Parkway. Display of Causeway Vehicle Pass will admit vehicles. 
The capacity at this location is 5,000 cars and 25,000 people. 

This site will be equipped with the same services as the other viewing areeis. 

6. Special Site 

Astronauts and members of their immediate families (approximately 100 people) 
will be located in this area. The following will be available here: Two portable toilets, 
NASA audio emd video release, television, traffic sectirity and telephone. 



4-12 



o 

I 







Causeway ^ooo \/eh'tc\es, 



4-13 



^ 



4.7.6 PRE-AND POST-LAUNCH TOURS AND BRIEFINGS 



DISTINGUISHED GUESTS: 



Distinguished guests of the Administrator will tour KSC immediately 
following launch and annotmcement that OV-102 is in orbit. 

SPECIAL GUESTS: 

Each guest receiving a special guest invitation will have the opportimity to 
indicate on RSVP whether they desire a pre- or post-launch toiu* and Space Shuttle 
briefing, which will be scheduled beginning T-3 days and continuing throiigh launch 
day. 

Briefings will be conducted in the KSC Training Auditorium and the VIC. 
Because of security and safety restrictions in the VAB and LCC, these areas may be 
excluded from the special guest tour route. 

GENERAL PUBUC 



Guests and NASA dependents with vehicle passes will be encouraged to take 
the TWA Services tour of the Space Center prior to the launch or T+1. The Visitors 
Information Center (VIC) will be closed to the general public on latmch day. 

4.7.7 LAUNCH CONTINGENCY PLANS 

1. HOLDS OF LESS THAN ONE HOUR; 
All guests will remain at viewing sites. 

2. POSTPONEMENT; 

Invitation and vehicle passes remain valid and are automatically extended 
for the rescheduled launch date. 

3. EMERGENCY SITUATION; 

Director of KSC Public Affairs will direct the evacuation of viewing sites in 
accordance with safety amd security instructions provided in real time. 



4-14 



4.8 GUEST ACTIVITIES - JOHNSON SPACE CENTER 



Following launch, the JSC Public Affairs representative* assigned to KSC to 
assist with guest operations will assume the role of coordinator for the flight of the 
Administrator's charter 2drcraft from KSC to JSC. He will fly aboard the aircraft 
and will be assisted by two other JSC Public Affairs staffers when the plane lands 
at Ellington AFB. Buses will transport the distinguished guests to a motel (to be 
determined) where they will have been pre-registered. The groiqi will visit JSC 
Mission Control later in the day where they will receive an i^date and mission 
status.: 

The Administrator will host a reception and buffet dinner that evening. 

The following morning, guests will depart the motel at mid-morning for a 
tour of the Johnson Space Center and then depart for Ellington. A noon departure 
is planned with lunch served during the flight to Palmdale. 

Public Affairs Support Staffing at JSC; 

Coordinator: Jack Waite 

Special Guests 

& Program Coordinator: Bill der Bing* 

Protocol Assistant: Juanie Smith 



4-15 



4.9 GUEST ACnvmES - DRYDEN FUGHT RESEARCH CENTER 

4.9.1 GUEST SERVICES CENTER 

NASA will operate a Guest Services Center at the Antelope Valley 
Convention Center, located at 44055 North Sierra Highway, Lancaster. The facility 
will o|oen T-3 days prior to launch. The center is divided into four areas: 

(1.) Lobby 

(2.) Sierra West 

(3.) Sierra Centre 

(4.) Sierra East 

This facility will (1) function as a coordinating office for lodging and 
transportatioii of the Administrator's distinguished guests (Z) receive and badge 
special guests (3) distribute vehicle passes to the general public (4) provide a 
briefing disph.y and exhibit area featuring scale models of Shuttle and carrier 
aircraft. 

All guests will be greeted by a receptionist in the lobby area. Special guests 
will be directed to the Sierra West which will be used by Protocol personnel as a 
control center for the badging of special guests. 

Special guests will be fiunished a schedule of landing-day activities, 
including bus departure time, mission status, etc. They will also be invited to step 
next door into the Sierra Centre which will be set with displa3rs and exhibits, movies 
and briefings. This area may be used for a sociad function, such as an 
Administrator's reception, buffet and status briefing the evening of T-1 landing. 

The Sierra East room will be used as a holding area for bus drivers, escorts, 
briefers. 

There is ample pjurking in the lot adjacent to the convention center for the 
charter buses being used to transport distinguished aad special guests to the landing 
site. 

A large block of rooms, including all 50 in the new north wing of the 
convention center, have been reserved for Administrator's guests. 



4-16 



4.9.2 



STAFFING 



Guest Center Staffing will include these positions: 



Position 


Name 


Inst* 


Report 




Director, Guest Activities 


Chuck Biggs 


JSC 


T-5 




Dryden Protocol Msmager 


Roger J. Bamicki 


DFRC 


T-5 




North Base Guest Viewing 
Site Coordination 


Arnold Richman 


KSC 


Launch + 


8hrs. 


Logistics/Transportation 
Coordinator 


To be determined 


DFRC 


T-5 





Office of Legislative Affairs 
Representative 

International Affairs Division 
Representative 

Protocol Assistant 

Vehicle Pass Distribution 

^kllerical/Secretarial 4-6.(Badging) 

Distinguished Guests 
Coordinator 

Special Groups Coordinator 



To be determined 



To be determined 






Stella Luna 


JSC 


T-5 


To be determined 


DFRC 
DFRC 


T-5 


Gene Marianetti 


HQS 


Launch + 8 hrs. 


Bill Taylor 


KSC 


Launch + 8 hrs. 



4.9.3 TOURS AND BRIEFINGS 

If conditions merit and the distinguished and speciad guests desire it, a 
toxjr of the DFRC-Edwards hangar complex can be scheduled following the 
landing. 



4-17 



4.9.4 LANDING VIEWING SITES 

NORTH BASE VIEWING SITE A 

Distinguished and special guests will be transported by bus the morning of 
landing frond the Guest Services Center and other locations in Lanceister and 
Palmdale to Site A. This site will be limited to 2,000 distinguished and special 
guests. This site will feature four paravring (tent-like structvu-es) equipped with the 
NASA audio and video release. Drinking water and portable comfort stations will 
be available. 

NORTH BASE VIEWING SITE B 

This site will accommodate charter groups and contractors providing their 
own transportation to a location adjacent to and approximately ZOO yards east of 
Site A on the edge of the lake bed. Upwards of 100-150 buses can be easily handled 
at this location. NASA audio release, drinking water, and portable comfort stations 
will also be available at this site. 

4.9.5 PUBUC VIEWING SITE 

DFRC will notify the Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC) that NASA 
proposes to issue 30,000 vehicle psisses for a site located at the east edge of the 
dry-lake bed area. 

Depending on interest, an additional 10,000 vehicle passes will be available 
at the Guest Services Center prior to landing. 

Vehicle passes and related guest information will also be available for 
distribution at the NASA Guest Services Center in Lancaster and a satellite 
distribution center in Bcikersfield, beginning three days prior to laxmch. 

Vehicle passes will be honored at Edwcurds 48-hours prior to landing. This 
will provide adequate time for vehicles to enter the base once the Space Shuttle has 
been successfully launched and is in orbit. 

General public traffic will be ch£mneled away from Edwards main entrances 
(West and North Gates). Those vehicles entering from the West will be routed to 
120th Street East and those from the North to Rich Road. 

Routing of general public traffic will assure access by program personnel, 
distinguished and special guests and press. 

Temporary gates, operated by Air Force personnel, will be located at base 
perimeters, preventing backup traffic. 

The Public Viewing Site will have drinking water, portable comfort stations, 
restraining barriers, ropes and stanchions for crowd control. 



4-18 



As was done during the Approach and Landing Tests (ALT), local radio 
stations will carry the NASA audio release as a public service. Broadcast 
information will be fvimished to guests along with the vehicle pass and other 
heindout material. 

These other services have been arranged: 

a. The State Office Emergency Services (OES) will furnish three vans to be 
used as a Command Center for Tlraffic Control and Emergency agencies. 
These vans will be located north of Rosamond. 

b. Lavr enforcement agencies will have three helicopters available for 
emergency use during OFT for off-site locations. 

c. Various ambulsmce services for off-beise have been eu-ranged by law 
enforcement agencies. 

d. The California Air National Gueu'd will ijrovide first aid facilities for on- 
base. 

e. Various off-base ambulzmce services will provide support on-base prior to 
and during landing. 

f. The Southern California Auto Club will provide tow trucks to move owners 
disabled vehicles at owners expense. 



4-19 



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4.10 CONTINGENCY PLANNING FOR USE OF WSMR DISTINGUISHED GUESTS 

(Abort Once Around (AOA)) 



In the event of an Abort Once Around (AOA), NASA's distinguished guests 
will be flown back to Washington at the earliest possible opportunity following 
conclusion of the mission. 

GENERAL PUBUC 

There will be no opportunity to arrange for public viewing of the landing. If 
conditions permit, arrangements will be made for the general public to see the OV- 
102 parked on Northrtxp Strip, near the Cherry site the day following landing. 

WSMR will provide NASA with an estimated cost figure for minimum 
requirements at tl» Shuttle viewing dte, which includes water, sanitary facilities, 
necessary directional signs. 



4-21 




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4-22 



4.11 END OF MISSION (EOM) 

Between 125-150 distinguished guests will arrive at HoUoman in advance of 
the lemding. Bus transportation will be provided to move these visitors either to 
and from Holloman to viewing site or from Holloman to motel or guest quarters on 
base. 

Because of its proximity to Holloman, the Administrator's distinguished 
guests will stay at a motel in Alamogordo. Adequate lodging will be available 
because most press and NASA employees are staying in Las Cruces. 

Most special guests, including those in special groups, will stay in the El Paso 
£U'ea because of the international airport. Biggs Field and the almost unlimited 
motel and hotel accommodations. 

With at least 30 days notice, a Guest Services Center will open three days 
prior to the scheduled landing at a yet-to-be determined location in El Paso. 

The functions and staffing will be similar to the Lancaster guest operation. 
Special guests will check into the Guest Center where they will be badged and 
instructed to board charter buses the morning of the landing. 

4.11.1 (EOM) LANDING VIEWING SITES 

Distinguished and Special Guest Viewing Site 

Guests of the Administrator and si>ecial guests will be transported by bus 
from Alamogordo an3 the El Paso Guest Services Center to a viewing site located 
at Northrup Strip. This site will be limited to 2,000 guests, and will provide such 
services as mission commentary, drinking water, comfort stations, traffic control, 
and medicaL Parawings equipped with NASA audio-video release will be provided. 

Special - Contractor 

Contractor and institutional groups, providing their own bus transportation, 
will observe the landing from Cherry site located near the distinguished and special 
guest viewing area along Highway 10. Mission commentary, drinking water and 
portable comfort stations will also be available at this site. 

General Public 

It will not be possible to accommodate individuals in their own vehicles. The 
general public will have the opportunity to drive to WSMR the day following Ismding 
and board shuttle buses furnished by the U.S. Army to view "Columbia" at a site 
along Highway 10. This is the same viewing area which will be used by groups 
providing their own bus transportation for the landing a day earlier. 



4-23 




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4-24 



4.11.2 LOGISTICS 

These requests will be met by WSMR with NASA reimbursement: 

1. Ropes and stanchions as necessary between distinguished, special and other 
groiq>s. 

2. Security and crowd control for parking. 

3. NASA Administrator will require a mobile telephone. 

4. Commercial food and beverage service will be available at viewing sites. 

4.11.3 VIEWING OF ORBTTER CRAFT ON GROUND DAY FOLLOWING EOM 
Requirements will be the same as for Abcvt Once Around (AOA). 



4-25 



4.12 PROPOSED SCHEDULE FOR DISTINGUISHED GUESTS 

LAUNCH AND NOK«NAL LANDING 



T-1 Day 1:00 p.m. Distinguished guests 

(Administrator's, Congressional, 
International) depsu't Andrews 
AFB in one or two charter craft. 
Lunch served en route. 

3:00 p.m. Arrive Space Shuttle Landing 

Facility. Bozird buses for drive 
to Ramada Inn at Titusville 
(intersection of 1-95 & SR-50.) 

3:30-6:00 p.m. Free Time 

6:15 p.m. Depart Ramada Inn for Visitor 

Information Center 

6:30-8:00 p.m. Administrator's Reception & 

Buffet Dinner 

8:00-8:30 p.m. OV-102 briefing 

8:30 p.m. Board buses for night view of 

launch pad 

8:50 -9:05 p.m. View OV-102 on launch pad 

9:05-9:35 p.m. En route to Ramada Inn 



T Day (Latmch) 



4:30 a.m. Wake up call 

5:00-5:30 a.m. Buffet breakfast 

5:45 a.m. Depart motel for Launch Control 

Center (LCC) - Firing Room #4 

6:30 a.m. Arrive LCC 

6:50 a.m. Guests will be able to watch the 

laimch through the glass of the 
LCC, or leave about ten minutes 
prior to liftoff and observe it 
from the roof of the LCC. 

7:00 a.m. Liftoff 

7:30 a.m. Depart LCC for tour of KSC 

4-26 



(T Day (Lavmch) cont. 



T -»• 1 Day 



T+2 Days 



7:30-9:30 a.m. 
9:45 a.m. 
10:00 a.m. 
11:30 a.ni., CT 

12:30 p.m. 
2:00 p.m. 

3:00 p.m. 
6:30 p.m. 

10:30 a.ro. 

12:00 Noon CT 
1:00 p.m., PT 

6:00 p.m. 

6:00-7:00 a.m. 

7:00 a.m. 
8:00 a.m. 

8:30 a.m. 



Tour of KSC and Cape Canaverad 
Air Force Station 

Plane departs with those 
returning to Washington, DC 

Second plane departs for 
Ellington AFB 

Arrive Ellington AFB. Depart 
for motel. (Location to be 
determined.) 

Lunch at motel. 



Depart motel for Mission 
Control Center (MCC) and 
receive up-date on mission 
status. 

Leave MCC for motel. 

Reception and dinner hosted by 
Administrator and Dr. Kraft* 

Depart motel. Tour of Johnson 
Space Center and leave for 
Ellington AFB. 

Depart Ellington AFB, lunch 
enroute. 

Arrive U.S. Air Force Plemt 42, 

Palmdale, CA. 

Board buses for Antelope Valley 

Inn. 

Reception and briefing in Sierra 
Centre of Antelope Valley 
Convention Center . 

Buffet breakfast in Antelope 
Valley fcn. 

Board buses for drive to DFRC. 

Arrive North Base — 
Distinguished Guest Viewing 
Site. 

Observe OFT 1 landing. 



4-27 



T+2 Days (cont.) 

9:00-10:00 a.m. Brief tour of DFRC and Edwards 

AFB. 

10:l4 a.m. Boau-d aircraft at Edwau-ds for 

return to Washington. Lunch 
served enroute. 

5:30 p.m., ET Arrive Andrews AFB. 



4-28 



,4.13 PRESroENTIAL INTEREST/PARTICIPA'nON 

The NASA audio and video release will be provided to the White House. 

4.14 OTHER GUEST ACnvniES 

Anticipated staffing requirements to siq)port guest operations for lannrh and 
landing will leave no experienced protocol personnel in Washington. 

Other guest activities at Headquarters and field centers could be offored 
which would make use of the NASA audio and video release. 

The foregoing protocol plan, however, uses NASA's Public Affairs talent 
completely and thus no Public Affairs personnel are available to plan and conduct 
localized activities. 



4-29 



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4-31 



t. 



.0 EDUCATION PLAN 

5.1 FOREWORD 

The primary purpose of the educational operation is to disseminate information 
relating to STS-1 in an educational format, as widely as possible, to the educational 
community, and to build a sound educational base for future STS missions, payload 
activities, and their scientific enchancement. 

In accomplishing this purpose NASA Commtmity and Education Services will 
concentrate on new educational targets. These targets will include educational groiq)S 
and individuals who are not current users of or not aware of NASA educational 
services. Because of the nature of NASA educational programs and its ongoing 
programs, this plan includes projects and activities beyond the STS-1 mission. 

5.2 MAJOR OBJECTIVES 

NASA Community and Education Services in coimection with STS will: 

- Provide educational activities and programs to make 
the educational community aware of the Space Trans- 
portation System, its potential, and its impact on 
students and teachers; 

- Provide resources to incorporate the Space Trans- 
portation System concepts and payload results into 
current currictila which are impacted by NASA; 

- Develop new materials of instruction related to the 
Space Transportation System and its upcoming payloads; 

- Conduct conferences for professional educators in 
connection with STS-1 launch and laiMiing; 

- Use aU current existing educational programs 
(Spacemobile, teacher workshops, etc.) to relate 
information on Space Transportation System and its 
payloads. 

5.3 MAJOR GOALS 

The NASA education plan for STS-1 was developed to accomplish the following 
educational goals: 

- To provide students and teachers with guided 
experiences which will not only inform but help 
them understand STS-1; 

- To familiarize teachers with materials, resources, 

and teaching techniques needed for the effective 

introduction of STS-1 operations in the classroom; 

- To encourage teachers to capitalize on the contem- 
porary interest of children in the STS-1; 

5-1 



To stimulate the spirit of inquiry essential to the 
education nrocess: 



education process; 



- To provide information on several facets of the STS 
and their relationship with educational concepts being 
taught in the classroom; 

- To motivate teachers to use the information, experience, 
and materials acquired to enrich their classroom 
curricula. 

This plan is divided into three parts: (1) those activities associated with STS-1; (2) 
educational and curriculum materials to be developed for use during STS-1 zmd follow- 
on STS missions and (3) utilization of current educational programs during the Shuttle 
era. 

5.4 LAUNCH AND LANDING CONFERENCES 

NASA Commimity and Education Services will conduct education conferences for STS- 
1 launch and landing. The Center Educational Programs Officers (CEPO's) from KSC, 
MSFC, JSC, and Bill Nixon, NASA Headquarters, will be the program committee and 
wiU establish details and logistics of the conference for all NASA invited educators. 
The conference, in conjunction with launch, will be conducted T-1 at Central Florida 
University. Ray Corey, CEPO, KSC, is Chairman of the planning committee for 
launch programs. 

A Landing Conference will be conducted (T+1) at JPL. Jim Poindexter, JSC 
Educational Programs Officer, will be Chairman of the planning committee for landing 
programs, amd will be assisted by Benito Casados, JPL. 

Categories of guests for conferences and viewing will include; 

- Headquarters distinguished invitees - 150 total (3 buses) 

- Educator groiq>s with car or bus passes - estimate 25 buses 

- Student groups will receive car/bus pases. (It may be 
necessary to limit the number of these groiips - student 
groups will view launch and lemdings only) 

- 1980 NASA International Science euid Engineering Fair 
winners and their teachers will attend Educator Landing 
Conference - 20 

Each Center Educational Programs Officer: 

- Will submit distinguished educator names to Bill Nixon, 
NASA Headquarters, for invitation to STS-1. Transpor- 
tation limits to 150 educators for launch program (KSC) 
and each lamding progrm at DFRC. 

- Will be responsible f of identifying educator groins 
in his region coming to KSC for launch emd coordinating 

5-2 



with Ray Corey; likewise, conferences coinciding with 
STS-1 landing will be coordinated with Jim Poindexter. 

- Will forward requests from educators for vehicle passes 
(car and bus) with recommendation to Bill Nixon for 
coordination with Protocol Office. 

General student grotqis will be limited to the viewing opportimity and the activities at 
KSC-VIC which are available to the public. 

The program pleuming committee will make all arrangements for one central 
educational conference program to be conducted T-1 at Central Florida University and 
T+1 at JPL. They will also be responsible for arranging tour activities at KSC and 
DFRC. These activities will be coordinated with Center PAO's 10 days in advance. 

Staffing for Educational Conferences will be assigned from Education Working Group 
Members, Center Educational Programs Officers, and Aerospace Education 
Specialists. Escorts for tours at KSC and DFRC will be coordinated with the Protocol 
Office. 

5.4.1 EDUCATION CONFERENCE CONTENT 

The one day Education Ctpference is designed to give participants (1) in-depth 
knowledge of STS-1 niissibn; (2) future STS mission payloads; (3) an awareness of NASA 
Educational Programk Services and materials available to educators; (4) knowledge and 
motivation to enrich educational curriculums with STS and payload concepts. 
Presentations will be made by knowledgable NASA personnel in the following areas: 

- STS-1 Vehicle and Payloads 

- STS-1 Mission Profile 

- Upcoming STS Payload (Spacelab - Space Telescope) 

- NASA Education Programs and Services 

- NASA Space Shuttle Student Program 

- Current NASA educational materials will be displayed, 
previewed and distributed 

5.5 CONTINGENCIES 

If launch is delayed or postponed three days in advamce of schedule, conference will be 
rescheduled and night letter will be sent informing invited guests. 

If launch is delayed or postponed after guests have arrived on site, conference will be 
held as scheduled. 

If landing site is changed to White Sands thirty days prior to launch, the education 
conference will be shifted to the White Sands vicinity. If changed less than thirty 
days, conference will be held as scheduled at JPL and landing will be observed on large 
screened television by conference participants. 



5-3 



5.6 NEW EDUCATIQNAL MATERIALS 

A special NASA publication on STS will be produced for distribution in response to 
educational inquiries. This publication will be 4-6 pages, black and white, covering 
STS and operational missions. This should be the official publication for all invited 
guests and be coordinated with the Protocol Office. Responsibility for the publication 
is assigned to JSC for writing and camera ready copy. Headquarters will print. (FY 
'81 funding). 

5.6.1 SPECIAL PUBUCATIONS 

A special NASA publication on STS will be produce4 for distribution in response to 
educational inquiries. This publication will be 4-6 pages, black amd white, covering 
STS and operational missions. This should be the official publication for adl invited 
guests and be coordinated with the Protocol Office. Responsibility for the publication 
is assigned to JSC for writing and camera ready copy. Headquarters will print. (FY 
'81 fimding). 

5.6.2 BULLETINS 

A one-^aige bulletin (front and back) will be issued to educational mailing list 
following STS-1 mission. This bulletin will be result-oriented with preliminary 
engineering and scientific findings of the STS-1 mission. Headquarters Community and 
Education Branch has the responsibility of writing, printing and distribution of this 
buUetini (FY '81 funding) 

5.6.3 LITHOGRAPHS 

Commimity and Educational Programs will produce a series of STS related lithographs 
for distribution during the STS-1 mission. (FY '81 fxinding) 

5.6.4 TELEVISION - COMMUNICATION 

An Audio-Visual Education Committee will be established for the purpose of 
evaluating on-board video and film of STS-1 for educational needs and possible 
incorporation as ciorriculum material. This committee will make contacts with PBS 
and instructional TV stations to make them aware of these materials. This committee 
will establish an effective delivery system which will permit a quick exchange of video 
materials between STS and the educational community. On future missions this 
committee will recommend audio-visual coverage of payload experiments and be 
responsible for editing and planning educational distribution. This committee will 
coordinate all activities with the Telecommunications Working Group. 

5.6.5 AEROSPACE EDUCATION SERVICES PROJECT (SPACEMOBILE) 

Concepts relating to STS and its iq)coming payloads are a focal point of the general 
AESP presentation during academic year '80 - '81. A new Shuttle orbiter model with 
Spacelab in bay and manipulator arm (1/50 scale) has been added to the AESP 
equipment and is used with other STS visual material. The AESP Specialist will also 
be responsible for the distribution of STS publications and curriculum materials to 
teachers smd libraries in the schools they are visiting. 

5.6.6 TEACHER WORKSHOPS 



5-4 



Materials and information concerning STS-1 will be emphasized in aerospace teacher 
workshops in the summer programs of 1980. AESP Specialists were made awaure of 
existing STS materials, teacher activities and received presentations on tq>coming STS 
payloads as pau-t of the December 1979 AESP Training Conference held at Oklahoma 
State University. 

5.6.7 PLANETARIUM AND SClENbE CENTERS 

All current information relating to STS flights will be mailed to the 650 planetariums 
and science centers on the Headquarters mailing list. 

5.6.8 NASA REPORT TO EDUCATORS 

, ^ 

A major cu-ticle will be published in the fall 1980 issue of NASA Report to Educators 
discussing the STS-1 mission. This quarterly report reaches \sp to 55,000 educators on 
the NASA mailing list. 

5.6.9 TEACHER RESOURCE ROOMS 

As a service to teachers, curriculum st^ervisors, and others in related fields, the 
NASA Teacher Resource Rooms will provide an easily accessible source of materials 
on the STS for use in the classroom. The services offered are: 

- Slide Library 

- Slide Copier 

- Film Library 

- Audio Tape Library 

- Record Library 

- Reference Book Library 

- Lesson Plan Collection 

- Literature and Publications 

- Film Strip and Slide Cassette Programs 

Teacher Resource Rooms are in operation at LeRC, MSFC, and KSC. Announcement 
of these services will be made in the NASA Report to Educators and by Spacemobile 
personnel in their daily encounters with educators. 

5.6.10 EDUCATIONAL EXHIBIT 

An up-to-date exhibit displaying NASA Commimity and Education Services available is 
scheduled in eight national educational conventions in 1980. A video tape informing 
participants of STS will be part of this exhibit and STS publications will be distributed 
by the NASA representatives at the exhibit booth. 

5,7 INTERFACES AND STAFFING 



5-5 



It is the responsibility of the chairperson of the Education Working Group to 
coordinate all educational activities with the chairperson of all other working grot^s. 
Each Center Educational Programs Officer will coordinate all educaton activities with 
the Center PAO. NASA installations that do not have a Center Educational Programs 
Officer (CEPO) will coordinate with the CEPO that has the regional responsibility. 

5.7.1 STAFFING STS EDUCATIONAL ACUVrnES 

Each Center Educational Programs Officer (CEPO) will be responsible for 
implementing all STS activities as outlined in their regional area. 

Curtis Graves-Chairman - Chief, Community & Education Services Branch,NASA 
Headquarters 

Garth Hull-ARC (Northern Region) 
Mike Donahoe-ARC (Southern Region) 
Elva Bailey-GSFC 
Ray Corey-KSC 
Hcirold Mehrens-LaRC 
James Poin'dexter-JSC 
Harrison AHen-LeRC 
Jimmy Pruitt-MSFC 

STAFFING STS-1 LAUNCH CONFERENCE - KSC 

Ray Corey-Chairman, KSC 

Jimmy Pruitt-MSFC 

William Nixon-HDQS 

Assisted by AESP Specialist as assigned 

STAFFING STS-1 LANDING CONFERENCE - JPL 

James Poindexter-Chairman, JSC 

Benito Casados-JPL 

Mike Donahoe-ARC 

WilUam Nixon-HDQS 

Assisted by AESP Specialist as assigned 

STAFFING AUDIO-VISUAL EDUCATION COMMITTEE 

Jimmy Pruitt-Chairman, KSC 
James Poindexter-JSC 
John Bluck-LeRC 



5-6 



IWNSA 

National Aeronautics and 
Space Administr ation 

Washington, D C 

MAR 9 1979 

Office of the Admnistrator iv/r^ 



TO: All Headquarters Associate Administrators 
All Center Directors 

FROM: A/ Administrator 

SUBJECT: P\iblic Affairs Resource Requirements for Shuttle OFT 

As we approach the first orbital flight test of the Space 
Shuttle, NASA's Public Affairs responsibilities and oppor- 
tunities will increase considerably. It will be necessary, 
for example, to conduct three news operations simultaneously 
at widely separated locations during orbital flight tests, 
and major visitor programs are contemplated at both laianch 
and landing sites. 

In this situation. Public Affairs activities at the three 
Centers primarily concerned (Dryden, Johnson and Kennedy) 
will be closely coordinated by the Director of Piiblic Affairs, 
Bob Newman. Additional support and assistance may be required 
from other Centers and Headquarters Program Offices. I will 
appreciate very much your giving our Public Affairs Director 
and his coordinators your full support and assistance as they 
call on you. 

Original Signed By 
Robert A, Froack 
Robert A. Frosch 



Appendix A 
6-1 



DISTRIBUTION 

Headquarters Associate Administrators 

B/Mr. William E. Lilly 
E/Dr. Anthony J. Calio 
L/Mr. Arnold W. Frutkin 
M/Mr. John F. Yardley 
N/Mr. Ray Kline 
R/Dr. James J. Kramer 
S/Dr. Noel W. Hinners 
T/Dr. William Schneider 

Center Directors 
ARC/DD/Mr. C. A. Syvertson 
DFRC/OD/Mr. Isaac T. Gillam IV 
GSFC/lOO.O/Dr. Robert S. Cooper 
JPL/180.905/Dr. Bruce C. Murray 
JSC/AA/Dr. Christopher C. Kraft, Jr. 
KSC/CB/Mr. Lee R. Scherer 
LaRC/106/Mr. Donald P. Hearth 
LeRC/0100/Dr. John F. McCarthy, Jr. 
MSFC/DAOl/Dr. William R. Lucas 
WFC/OD/Mr. Robert L. Krieger 



Appendix A 
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STS-1 PUBLIC AFFAIRS PLANNING 



R. Allnutt (Acting) 

J . Yardley 

G. Lunney (Acting) 

A. Calio 

T. Mutch 

Vacant 

K. Pederson 

T. Finn 

F. Simokaitis 

J. Mossinghoff 



POLICY GROUP 

- AA/ External Affairs 

- AA, OSTS 

- AA, OSTO 

- AA, OSTA 

- AA, OSS 

- Dir., Public Affairs 

- Dir,, International Affairs 

- Dir., Legislative Affairs 

- Dir., DoD Affairs 

- Dep., General Counsel 



R. Shafer 

D. Garrett 

H. Stall 

C. Hollinshead 

J . Jones 

R. Jackson 



PUBLIC AFFAIRS STEERING GROUP 

- Dep. Dir., Public Affairs 

- PAO, OSTS 

- PAO, JSC 

- PAO, KSC 

- PAO, MSEC 

- PAO, DFRC 



WORKING GROUPS 



NEWS OPERATIONS 

M. Waggoner - HQ, Ch. 
J. McLeaish - JSC 
H. Harris - KSC 
J. Taylor - MSEC 
R. Jackson - DFRC 








PHOTOGRAPHY 

L, Gaver - HQ, Ch. 
W. Robbins - JSC 
E. Harrison - KSC 
C. Hunt - MSEC 
L. Montoya - DFRC 














TELECQMMUNICAT IONS 

R. Shafer - HQ, Ch. 
W. Robbins - JSC 
G. Cottee - KSC 
C. Hunt - MSEC 
R. Jackson - DFRC 






PROTOCOL 

G. Marianetti - HQ, Ch. 
C. Biggs - JSC 
W. Taylor - KSC 
E. Schorsten - MSEC 
R. Jackson/ - DFRC 

W. Painter 
TBD - CODE C 
TBD - CODE I 












EDUCATION 

W. Nixon - HQ, Ch. 
J. Poindexter — JSC 








R. Corey - KSC 
J. Pruitt - MSEC 
^B, Casados - JPl/DFR 


C 







Appendix B 
6-2a